You are here » home advanced search Podocnemis expansa

Podocnemis expansa (SCHWEIGGER, 1812)

IUCN Red List - Podocnemis expansa - , LR

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Podocnemis expansa?

Add your own observation of
Podocnemis expansa »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaPodocnemididae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Arrau River Turtle, South American River Turtle
G: Arrau-Schienenschildkröte 
SynonymEmys expansa SCHWEIGGER 1812: 299
Emys amazonica SPIX 1824
Podocnemis expansa — WAGLER 1830: 135
Emys arrau SCHINZ 1833
Podocnemis Expansa — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 383
Emys amazonica — BAUR 1893: 213 (in part)
Bartlettia pitipiti — WILLIAMS 1954:281 (in error)
Podocnemis expansa — FRAIR et al. 1978
Podocnemis expansa — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Podocnemis expansa — TTWG 2014 
DistributionBolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), Brazil (Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Goiás, Mato Gros- so, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins), Colombia (Amazonas, Arauca, Caquetá, Casanare, Guainía, Meta, Putumayo, Vaupés, Vichada), Ecuador, French Guiana (?), Guyana, Peru (Loreto, Ucayali), Trinidad (?), Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoátegui, Apure, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Guárico, Monagas)

Type locality: South America.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN; lost (fide KING & BURKE 1989). 
Diagnosis 
CommentSee also note on Podocnemis unifilis.

Synonymy: after Iverson et al. 2017. BAUR (1893) erroneously considered Emys amazonica as a synonym of Podocnemis sextuberculata.

Type species: Emys expansa SCHWEIGGER 1812: 299 is the type species of the genus Podocnemis WAGLER 1830: 135.

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers and tributaries) 
Etymology 
References
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Baur,G. 1893. Notes on the classification and taxonomy of the Testudinata. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 31: 210-225 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Cantarelli, Vitor Hugo; Adriana Malvasio, and Luciano M. Verdade 2014. Brazil's Podocnemis expansa Conservation Program: Retrospective and Future Directions. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2014, Vol. 13, No. 1: 124-128. - get paper here
  • Carneiro, Cristiane Costa and Juarez Pezzuti. 2015. Podocnemis expansa (giant Amazon River turtle) post-reproductive migration. Herpetological Review 46 (2): 244-245
  • Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2006. Turtles of the Tiputini Biodiversity Station with remarks on the diversity and distribution of the Testudines from Ecuador. Biota Neotrop. 6 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Cunha, Fabio Andrew G. and Vogt, Richard C. 2017. Podocnemis expansa (Giant South American River Turtle) Predation Herpetological Review 48 (1): 179-180 - get paper here
  • Da Costa, J F; Lopes, O R & Vogt, R C 2018. Podocnemis expansa (Giant South American River Turtle) Predation Herpetological Review 49 (2): 322-323 - get paper here
  • Da Cunha, Fernando Lima Rodrigues, Rafael Bernhard and Richard C. Vogt. 2014. Podocnemis erythrocephala, Podocnemis expansa, Podocnemis sextuberculata, Podocnemis unifilis (red-headed Amazon River turtle, giant South American River turtle, six-tubercled Amazon River turtle, yellow-spotted Amazon River turtle) coexistence. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 319
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fantin, Cleiton; Jorge Ferreira, Mara Magalhães, Thais da Silva Damasseno, Dorothy Ivila de Melo Pereira, and Richard Carl Vogt 2017. Kinship Analysis of Offspring of the Giant South American River Turtle (Podocnemis expansa) Using Microsatellite DNA Markers Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2017, Vol. 16, No. 2: 123-127.
  • Forero, German, Camila Ferrara and Brian D. Horne. 2014. Forst international workshop for conservation of the Giant South American River Turtle. Turtle Survival 2014: 18-19 - get paper here
  • Frair, W.; Mittermeier, R.A.; Rhodin, A.G.J. 1978. Blood biochemistry and relations among Podocnemis turtles (Pleurodira, Pelomedusidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 61B: 139-143 - get paper here
  • Gaffney, Eugene S.; Peter A. Meylan, Roger C. Wood, Elwyn Simons, and Diogenes De Almeida Campos 2011. Evolution of the Side-Necked Turtles: The Family Podocnemididae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (350): 1-237 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Herz, M. 2014. Begegnungen mit Schildkröten im venezolanischen Bundesstaat Amazonas. Teil 1: Wasserschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (110): 52-59
  • Jaffé, Rodolfo; Claudia Peñaloza, and Guillermo R. Barreto 2008. Monitoring an Endangered Freshwater Turtle Management Program: Effects of Nest Relocation on Growth and Locomotive Performance of the Giant South American Turtle (Podocnemis expansa, Podocnemididae). Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 213
  • Joyce, Walter G.; James F. Parham , Tyler R. Lyson , Rachel C. M. Warnock and Philip C. J. Donoghue 2013. A Divergence Dating Analysis of Turtles Using Fossil Calibrations: An Example of Best Practices. Journal of Paleontology, 87(4):612-634 - get paper here
  • Júnior, Paulo Dias Ferreira and Paulo de Tarso Amorim Castro. 2006. Thermal environment characteristics of Podocnemis expansa and Podocnemis unifilis nesting areas on the Javaés river, Tocantins, Brazil. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 5 (1): 102-107
  • Knaack, J. 2004. Bemerkungen zur aktuellen Situation der Schienenschildkröten Podocnemis expansa und Podocnemis unifilis in Bolivien. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 56-64 (Addendum in issue 5: 12) - get paper here
  • Magalhães, Marcela S.; Richard C. Vogt, José Fernando M. Barcellos, Carlos Eduardo B. Moura, and Ronis Da Silveira 2014. Morphology of the Digestive Tube of the Podocnemididae in the Brazilian Amazon. Herpetologica Dec 2014, Vol. 70, No. 4: 449-463. - get paper here
  • Menezes, Sabrina Barroso, Thaisa Fernandes, Fabio A. G. Cunha and Richard C. Vogt. 2016. Podocnemis expansa (Giant South American River Turtle) Predation. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 286-287
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Noronha, R. C. R.; L. M. R. Barros, R. E. F. Araújo, D. F. Marques, C. Y. Nagamachi, C. Martins, and J. C. Pieczarka, 2016. New insights of karyoevolution in the Amazonian turtles Podocnemis expansa and Podocnemis unifilis (Testudines, Podocnemidae) Molecular Cytogenetics (2016) 9:73, DOI 10.1186/s13039-016-0281-5
  • PEARSE, DEVON E.; ALLAN D. ARNDT; NICOLE VALENZUELA; BECKY A. MILLER; VITOR CANTARELLI and JACK W. SITES JR 2006. Estimating population structure under nonequilibrium conditions in a conservation context: continent-wide population genetics of the giant Amazon river turtle, Podocnemis expansa (Chelonia; Podocnemididae). Molecular Ecology 15: 985–1006
  • Peñaloza, Claudia L.; Omar Hernández, Rodolfo Espín, Larry B. Crowder, and Guillermo R. Barreto 2013. Harvest of Endangered Sideneck River Turtles (Podocnemis spp.) in the Middle Orinoco, Venezuela. Copeia Mar 2013, Vol. 2013, No. 1: 111-120. - get paper here
  • Portelinha, Thiago C. G.; Adriana Malvasio, Carlos I. Piña, and Jaime Bertoluci 2013. Reproductive Allometry of Podocnemis expansa (Testudines: Podocnemididae) in Southern Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2013, Vol. 47, No. 2: 232-236. - get paper here
  • Portelinha, Thiago C. G.; Adriana Malvasio, Carlos I. Piña, and Jaime Bertoluci 2014. Population Structure of Podocnemis expansa (Testudines: Podocnemididae) in Southern Brazilian Amazon. Copeia Dec 2014, Vol. 2014, No. 4: 707-715. - get paper here
  • Pritchard, P.C.H., and P. Trebbau. 1984. The Turtles of Venezuela. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology 2: viii + 402 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rudge-Ferrara, Camila; Richard C. Vogt, Renata S. Sousa-Lima, Bruno M.R. Tardio, and Virginia Campos Diniz Bernardes 2014. Sound Communication and Social Behavior in an Amazonian River Turtle (Podocnemis expansa). Herpetologica Jun 2014, Vol. 70, No. 2: 149-156. - get paper here
  • Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus Monographia Cheloniorum auctore Schweigger. Königsberg. Arch. Naturwiss. Mathem., 1: 271-368, 406-458.
  • Siebenrock, F. 1902. Zur Systematik der Schildkrötengattung Podocnemis Wagl. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Wien, 27: 104-106 - get paper here
  • Silva, L.C.N., Fagundes, C.K., Ferrara, C.R., Morcatty, T.Q., Bernardes, V.C.D., Acosta, R.K., Leitão, M.M., Figueiredo, A.L.C.B., Tinto, A.F.C.Z., Lemos, P.F., Andrade, P.C.M., Nery-Junior, J. & Pereira, M. 2017. Podocnemis expansa (Giant South American River Turtle) Juvenile movement. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 622-623.
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Andrew M. Shedlock, Scott V. Edwards and H. Bradley Shaffer 2008. Developing markers for multilocus phylogenetics in non-model organisms: A test case with turtles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 514-525 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2009. Südamerikanische Schildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (80): 16-27 - get paper here
  • Vogt, Richard C. 2014. Chattering turtles of the Rio Trombetas. The Tortoise 1 (3): 118-127 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator