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Polychrus jacquelinae KOCH, VENEGAS, GARCIA-BRAVO & BÖHME, 2011

IUCN Red List - Polychrus jacquelinae - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaPolychrotidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Jacqueline’s Bush Anole
G: Jacquelines Buntleguan 
SynonymPolychrus jacquelinae KOCH, VENEGAS, GARCIA-BRAVO & BÖHME 2011
Polychrus jacquelinae — SCHLÜTER 2013: 54 
DistributionPeru (Bolivar)

Type locality: from a new road, that was still under construction and is intended to connect San Vicente/Pusaq and Uchumarca (06°59'S, 77°54'W, approximately 1460–1570 m elevation), Province Bolivar, Región de La Libertad, Peru  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CORBIDI 7725 (Fig. 1A–E, 2A,B), an adult male, collected by W.A. Garcia Bravo on 01 July 2010.
Paratypes. CORBIDI 5742 (Fig. 2D) and CORBIDI 7724, two adult females collected with the holotype; ZFMK 91763 (Fig. 2C) subadult male and ZFMK 90834, ZFMK 91764 (Fig. 2E) two adult females from the type locality, collected by W.A. Garcia Bravo and C. Koch on 24 April 2009. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. (Tab. 1). (1) A Polychrus with a maximum known snout-vent-length (SVL) of 144 mm; (2) dorsal and gular crests absent; (3) 131 to 186 scales around midbody; (4) 198 to 215 scales in middorsal row from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh; (5) femoral pores 13 to 15 on one side; (6) lamellae on finger IV 33–36; (7) lamellae on toe IV 42–48; (8) tail 2.13–2.33 times SVL; (9) dorsal and ventral scales small and smooth (10) a prominent sexual dichro- matism present.
Polychrus jacquelinae sp. n. differs from other species of Polychrus by having more than 130 scales around midbody and more than 198 scales in middorsal row from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh (P. acutirostris has fewer than 73 and 126 scales; P. femoralis fewer than 100 and 156; P. gutturosus fewer than 81 and 105; P. liogaster fewer than 95 and 125; P. marmoratus fewer than 90 and 118; and P. peruvianus fewer than 74 and 70 (paravertebrals), respectively). Furthermore, the new species is easily distinguished from P. acutirostris and P. femoralis by the absence of keeled ventral scales; from P. gutturosus by the absence of multicarinate ventral scales and by the presence of very small gular scales; from P. liogaster and P. marmoratus by the presence of a sexual dimorphism in colouration (absent in the two latter species); and from P. peruvianus by the absence of vertebral and gular crests [from KOCH et al. 2011]. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species is dedicated to Jacqueline Maria Charles (Leicester, England) in recognition of her support of nature conservation and taxonomic research through the BIOPAT initiative. 
References
  • KOCH, CLAUDIA; PABLO J. VENEGAS, ROY SANTA CRUZ, WOLFGANG BÖHME 2018. Annotated checklist and key to the species of amphibians and reptiles inhabiting the northern Peruvian dry forest along the Andean valley of the Marañón River and its tributaries Zootaxa 4385 (1): 001–101 - get paper here
  • Koch, Claudia;, Pablo J. Venegas, Antonio Garcia-Bravo,, Wolfgang Böhme 2011. A new bush anole (Iguanidae, Polychrotinae, Polychrus) from the upper Marañon basin, Peru, with a redescription of Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) and additional information on P. gutturosus Berthold, 1845. ZooKeys 141: 79–107 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2012. Liste der im Jahr 2011 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (3): 46-57 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Buntleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 80 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Koch C, Venegas PJ, Poe S 2017. Phylogeny and diversity of neotropical monkey lizards (Iguanidae: Polychrus Cuvier, 1817). PLoS One 12 (6): e0178139 - get paper here
 
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