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Prasinohaema virens (PETERS, 1881)

IUCN Red List - Prasinohaema virens - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGreen Tree Skink 
SynonymLipinia virens PETERS 1881: 81
Lipinia anolis BOULENGER 1883: 161
Lipinia anolis — BOULENGER 1886: 40
Lygosoma virens — BOULENGER 1895: 409
Lygosoma (Liolepisma) anolis — STERNFELD 1918: 401
Lygosoma anolis virens — SMITH 1937: 224
Prasinohaema virens - GREER 1974
Lipinia virens — HEATWOLE 1975
Prasinohaema virens — MYS 1988: 142
Prasinohaema virens — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, Solomon Islands

Type locality: “südöstliche Theile Neu-Guineas” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 9950 
CommentSMITH (1937: 224) states that “Lygosoma virens (Peters) from Papua with 34-36 scales round the body and 13-14 lamellae beneath the 4th toe, is a race of L. anolis which has 36-40 scales round the body and 15-17 lamellae beneath the toe”. We don’t have any other information on Lipinia anolis BOULENGER 1883, whose status remains unclear.

BOULENGER 1886 distinguishes L. virens and L. anolis as follows: “Digits [in both] strongly dilated, Lipinia virens with five supraoculars, first nearly as large as the four others together; ear-opening small; fourth toe little longer than third, with 13 lamellae under its dilated portion; 30 scales round the body. L. anolis with five supracolulars, first largest, but much shorter than the four others together; ear-opening small; fourth toe little longer than third, with 16 lamellae under its dilated portion; 38 scales round the body.”

Description: dull olive to bright green above and sulphur yellow to lemon yellow below (HEATWOLE 1975). 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Austin,C.C. and K. W. Jessing 1994. Green-blood pigmentation in lizards. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 109A (3): 619-626 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Boulenger, George A. 1895. Description of two new reptiles obtained by Mr. A.S. Meek in the Trobriand Islands, British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16: 408-409 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Heatwole, H. 1975. Biogeography of reptiles on some of the islands and cays of Eastern Papua-New Guinea. Atoll Research Bulletin (180): 1-41
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1881. Drei neue Eidechsen, zu der Familie der Scincoiden gehörig, eine Lipinia (mit geckonenuahnlicher Bildung der Zehen!) aus Neu-Guinea und wie Mocoa aus Neuholland. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1881 (5): 81-85 - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
 
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