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Pristurus rupestris BLANFORD, 1874

IUCN Red List - Pristurus rupestris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPristurus rupestris guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris rupestris BLANFORD 1874 
Common NamesBlanford’s Semaphore Gecko, Persia Rock Gecko 
SynonymPristurus rupestris BLANFORD 1874: 454
Pristurus rupestris — BOULENGER 1885: 53
Pristurus rupestris — SMITH 1935: 64
Pristurus rupestris — LOVERIDGE 1947: 76
Pristurus rupestris — KLUGE 1993
Pristurus rupestris — RÖSLER 2000: 106
Pristurus rupestris — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 332

Pristurus rupestris rupestris BLANFORD 1874
Pristurus rupestris BLANFORD 1874: 454
Pristurus migiurtinicus SCORTECCI 1933 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Pristurus rupestris rupestris — SCHMIDT 1952

Pristurus rupestris guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994: 56
Pristurus rupestris guweirensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Pristurus rupestris guweirensis — SINDACO et al. 2014

Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris iranicus — WERMUTH 1965: 151
Pristurus rupestris iranicus — BADIANE et al. 2014 
DistributionSW Jordan, Eritrea, Djibouti,
Iran (Bushire, Fars), Ethiopia, probably in Sudan (L. Chirio, pers. comm.),
Pakistan ?, N Somalia, S Arabia (Bender Casim/Migiurt.), Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar

guweirensis: Jordan; Type locality: Sandstone Hills north of Guweira, Transjordan.

iranicus: Iran, Kharg Island near Bushire, West Pakistan; Type locality: Bushire, Iran.

migiurtinicus: Somalia; Type locality: “Bender Cassim” (=Bosaso), Somalia.

Terra typica restricta: Muskat [Muscat], Oman (fide SCHMIDT 1952) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI (fide Annandale, 1906:91)
Syntypes: NMW [guweirensis]
Holotype: ZMUC [iranicus]
Holotype: MSNM Re97 (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano), apparenly lost fide Badiane et al. 2014 [migiurtinicus] 
CommentDistribution: Not in Pakistan fide KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.). Garcia-Porta et al. (2017) suggested that there may be 14 candidate species hidden within the subspecies P. r. rupestris. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

Synonymy: Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis HAAS 1943 is listed as a synonym by LEVITON et al. (1992). 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N. 2009. Relationships, evolution and biogeography of Semaphore geckos, Pristurus (Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae) based on morphology. Zootaxa 2060: 1-21 - get paper here
  • BADIANE, ARNAUD; JOAN GARCIA-PORTA, JAN ČERVENKA, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, ROBERTO SINDACO, MICHAEL D. ROBINSON, HERNAN MORALES, TOMÁŠ MAZUCH, THOMAS PRICE, FÈLIX AMAT, MOHAMMED Y. SHOBRAK, THOMAS WILMS, MARC SIMÓ-RIUDALBAS, FARAHAM AHMADZADEH, THEODORE J. 2014. Phylogenetic relationships of Semaphore geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an assessment of the taxonomy of Pristurus rupestris. Zootaxa 3835 (1): 033–058 - get paper here
  • Ball, L.D. & Borrell, J.S. 2016. An inventory of herpetofauna from Wadi Sayq, Dhofar, Oman. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8 (12): 9454-9460
  • Blanford,W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new lizards from Persia and Baluchistàn. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 453-455 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • BOURQUIN, O. 2011. The terrestrial reptiles of Sir Bani Yas Island, United Arab Emirates. African Herp News (53): 27-34
  • Brown, J.N.B. 1980. Reptiles of Abu Dhabi Island. Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group (11 July 1980): http://www.enhg.org/bulletin/b11/11_28.htm
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  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Aurora Castilla, Aitor Valdeon, Alberto Gosa, Noora Al Jaidah, Ali Alkuwary, Essam Saifelnasr, Paloma Mas, Renee Richer, Ahmad Amer Al Hemaidi 2014. A preliminary report on the distribution of lizards in Qatar. ZooKeys 373 (2014): 67-91<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.373.5994 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Garcia-Porta, J., Simó-Riudalbas, M., Robinson, M. and Carranza, S. 2017. Diversification in arid mountains: biogeography and cryptic diversity of Pristurus rupestris rupestris in Arabia. J. Biogeogr., doi:10.1111/jbi.12929 - get paper here
  • Gholamifard, A.; H.R. Esmaeili; H.G. Kami 2009. First report of Blanford's semaphore gecko, Pristurus rupestris (Blanford 1874) (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Fars Province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, G. 1943. On a collection of reptiles from Palestine, Transjordan, and Sinai. Copeia 1943 (1):10-15 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Khan, M Zaheer; Mohammed Juma Al-Sheryani, Amran Mohamed AlKamzari, M Usman Ali Hashmi, Lew Young, Tamer Khafaga, Nobuyuki Yamaguchi, Iqbal Saeed Khan, Amtyaz Safi,<br />Saima Siddiqui and Hany El Shaer 2016. OBSERVATIONS OF ROCK SEMAPHORE GECKO (PRISTURUS RUPESTRIS) IN AL JABAL AL AKHDAR SCENIC RESERVE, SULTANATE OF OMAN: A REVIEW Canadian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 10 (2): 3883-3890 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
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  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Leptien, Rolf 1993. An uncommon day gecko from the United Arab Emirates, Pristurus rupestris (Blanford 1874). Dactylus 1 (4): 34-37
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • RÖSLER, H. & HOFMANN, T. 2015. Bemerkenswertes Eiablageverhalten von Pristurus spec. (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) Sauria 37 (3): 56-58 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H.; Köhler, J. & Böhme, W. 2008. A new species of the diurnal gekkonid genus Pristurus Rüppell, 1835 from the Red Sea island Hanish al-Kabir, Yemen. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 217-227 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1952. Diagnoses of new amphibians and reptiles from Iran. Natural History Miscellanea, (93):1-2
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  • Sindaco R., Fedrighini, N. & VEnchi, A. 1995. Contribution to the herpetology of Jordan. Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 13 (1): 389-405
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Tiedemann,F.; Häupl,M. & Grillitsch,H. 1994. Katalog der Typen der herpetologischen Sammlung nach dem Stand vom 1. Jänner 1994. Teil II: Reptilia. Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10 (Vertebrata 4): 1-110
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  • YOUSOFI, Sugol; Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Vida HOJATI 2014. Phylogenetic relationships among populations of Pristurus rupestris Blanford, 1874 (Sauria: Sphaerodactylidae) in southern Iran. Turk J Zool 39, doi:10.3906/zoo-1403-6 [2015] - get paper here
 
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