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Proctoporus machupicchu MAMANI, GOICOECHEA & CHAPARRO, 2015

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesEnglish: Machu Picchu Andean Lizard
Spanish: Lagartija Andina de Machu Picchu 
SynonymProctoporus machupicchu MAMANI, GOICOECHEA & CHAPARRO 2015 
DistributionPeru (Cusco)

Type locality: Peru, Department of Cusco, Province Urubamba, District Machu Picchu, from Aobamba (13° 14′ 17′′ S; 72° 33′ 15′′ W), 2,760 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MHNC 13362, adult female (field number LM 834), collected by Luis Mamani, Frank P. Condori, and Juan C. Chaparro on 16 June 2013 (Fig. 1; 2 A–C; 3 A–B in MAMNI et al. 2015).
Paratypes: MHNC 13373, field number LM 845, (Fig. 3 E–F), immature male, same data as holotype; MHNC 13513, adult female (field number LM 637, Fig. 2 D–F; 3 C–D), Peru, Department of Cusco, Province Urubam- ba, District Machu Picchu, from Wiñaywayna (13° 11’ 33.72” S; 72° 32’ 18.66” W), 2,800 m, collected by Luis Mamani, Kateryne Pino, Alexander Pari, Andres Garcia, and Gerardo Ceballos on 11 September 2012. 
CommentHabitat: Individuals were found during the day under rocks in the montane forest, of the eastern slope, of the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an indeclinable word that refers to the distribution of the new species in the Natural Protected Area of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, in the Cordillera of Vilcanota, one of the most important formations in the Andes of southern Peru. 
  • Mamani L, Goicoechea N, Chaparro JC. 2015. A new species of Andean lizard Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from montane forest of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, Peru. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9 (1) [Special Section]: 1–11 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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