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Prosymna stuhlmanni (PFEFFER, 1893)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Prosymninae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEast African Shovel-Snout 
SynonymLigonirostra Stuhlmanni PFEFFER 1893: 78
Prosymna variabilis WERNER 1909
Prosymna ambigua stuhlmanni — BROADLEY 1959
Prosymna ambigua stuhlmanni — AUERBACH 1987: 178
Prosymna ambigua stuhlmanni — BOYCOTT 1992
Prosymna stuhlmanni — BROADLEY 1992
Prosymna stuhlmanni — SPAWLS et al. 2002
Prosymna stuhlmannii — MILLER 2009
Prosymna stuhlmanni — JACOBSEN et al. 2010
Prosymna stuhlmannii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 582 
DistributionS Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Republic of South Africa, Zululand, west to E Zambia, Zimbabwe and the Transvaal; elevation 0-5500 feet

Type locality: Usambara, Tanzania. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesLectotype: ZMH R07910; Paralectotype ZMB 11008 (Kirchhof et al. 2016).
Syntypes: SMNS 4211a and SMNS 4171 [Prosymna variabilis WERNER 1909] 
CommentSynonymy partly after WALLACH (pers. comm.).

Diet: lizards such as geckos 
References
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1992. Reptiles and amphibians from the Bazaruto Archipelago, Mozambique. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (38): 539-548
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., M. Krämer, J. Linden & K. Richter 2010. The reptile species assemblage of the Soutpansberg (Limpopo Province, South Africa) and its characteristics. Salamandra 46 (3): 147-166 - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, Sebastian; Kristin Mahlow & Frank Tillack 2016. The identity of Stenorhabdium temporale Werner, 1909 (Serpentes: Colubroidea) Vertebrate Zoology 66 (2): 179–190
  • Loveridge,A. 1958. Revision of five african snake genera. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 119: 1-198 (141) - get paper here
  • MILLER, A. 2009. Prosymna stuhlmannii Pfeffer, 1893 - Diet. African Herp News (49): 11-12
  • NUNES, PEDRO M. SALES; ANTOINE FOUQUET, FELIPE F. CURCIO, PHILIPPE J. R. KOK and MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2012. Cryptic species in Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) revealed by hemipenial morphology and molecular data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 361–376 October 2012 Volume 166, Issue 2, 361-376 - get paper here
  • Pfeffer, G. 1893. Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 10: 71-105.
  • Schlüter, A. & Hallermann, J. 1997. The Type Specimens in the Herpetological Collection of the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A (553): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1909. Beschreibung neuer Reptilien aus dem Kgl. Naturalienkabinett in Stuttgart. Jahreshefte Ver. vaterl. Naturk. Württ. 65: 55-63 - get paper here
 
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