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Protobothrops xiangchengensis (ZHAO, JIANG & HUANG, 1978)

IUCN Red List - Protobothrops xiangchengensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Szechwan Pit Viper, Kham plateau pitviper
Chinese: 乡城原矛头蝮 
SynonymTrimeresurus xiangchengensis ZHAO 1978 (meeting abstract)
Trimeresurus xiangchengensis ZHAO, JIANG & HUANG 1978
Trimeresurus xiangchengensis — WELCH 1994: 117
Protobothrops xiangchengensis — KRAUS et al. 1996
Trimeresurus xiangchengensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 348
Trimeresurus xiangchengensis — PENG & FIJI 2000
Protobothrops xiangchengensis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Protobothrops xiangchengensis — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Protobothrops xiangchengensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 573 
DistributionChina (Yunnan, W Sichuan)

Type locality: Qianjinxiang, Xiangcheng County, Hengduan Mountains, Sichuan, elevation 3100 m.  
TypesHolotype: CIB 725050, Male; 3100 m; 10. 7, 1972. 

Synonymy: This species was suspected to be a synonym of Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus (Indraneil DAS in MCDIARMID et al. 1999). However, Guo et al. (2006) and VOGEL (pers. comm. 23 Nov 2012) argue that it is a valid species.

Distribution: see map in Guo et a. 2016: 383 (Fig. 1).

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • David, Patrick;Tong, Haiyan 1997. Translations of recent descriptions of Chinese pitvipers of the Trimeresurus-complex (Serpentes, Viperidae), with a key to the complex in China and adjacent areas. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (112): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P., F. J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Chen. 1999. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles in the Herpetological Collections of Chengdu Institute of Biology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 43~47 - get paper here
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Guo, Peng; Pang, Junfeng; Zhang, Yaping; Zhao, Ermi 2006. A Re-analysis of the phylogeny of the genus Protobothrops (Reptilia: Viperidae), with particular reference to the systematic position of P. xiangchengensis. Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 433-439 - get paper here
  • GUO, PENG; QIN LIU, TAO WEN, RONG XIAO, MING FANG, GUANGHUI ZHONG, NGUYEN Q. TRUONG, FEI ZHU, ROBERT C. JADIN, CAO LI 2016. Multilocus phylogeny of the Asian Lance-headed pitvipers (Squamata, Viperidae, Protobothrops). Zootaxa 4093 (3): 382–390 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred; Mink, Daniel G. & Brown, Wesley M. 1996. Crotaline intergeneric relationships based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Copeia 1996 (4): 763-773 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, Nikolai L.; Sergei A. Ryabov, and Nguyen Thien Tao 2009. Two New Species of Genera Protobothrops Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1983 and Viridovipera Malhotra et Thorpe, 2004 (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Karst Region in Northeastern Vietnam. Part I. Description of a New Species of Protobothrops Genus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (1): 69-82 - get paper here
  • PAN, Hujun; Basundhara CHETTRI, Daode YANG, Ke JIANG, Kai WANG, Liang ZHANG and Gernot VOGEL 2013. A New Species of the Genus Protobothrops (Squamata: Viperidae) from Southern Tibet, China and Sikkim, India. Asian Herpetological Research 4 (2): 109–115 - get paper here
  • Peng, G. & Fuji, Z. 2001. Comparative studies on hemipenes of four species of Trimeresurus (sensu stricto) (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (1): 113-117 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • YANG, JIAN-HUAN; NIKOLAI L. ORLOV & YING-YONG WANG 2011. A new species of pitviper of the genus Protobothrops from China (Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2936: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Zhao E M 1979. A new snake of the genus Trimeresurus from Sichuan, China. ACTA ZOOTAXONOMICA SINICA 4 (4): 422-424
  • Zhao, E 1978. Trimeresurus xiangchengensis - a new species of the genus Trimeresurus from China. Proc. Symp. China Soc. Zool., China Soc. Entomol. Chengdu [meeting abstract]; also cited as Mater. Herpetol. Res. Chengdu 4: 21 [English translation by David & Tong, 1997, SHIS (112): 7].
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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