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Psammophis lineolatus (BRANDT, 1838)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Psammophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSteppe Ribbon Racer 
SynonymColuber (Taphrometopon) lineolatus BRANDT 1838: 243
Coluber caspius LICHTENSTEIN 1823
Chorisodon Sibericum DUMERIL & BIBRON 1854: 902(fide PETERS 1861: 483)
Taphrometopon lineolatum — BOULENGER 1896: 151
Taphrometopon lineolatum — NIKOLSKY 1908: 343
Psammophis triticeus WALL 1912 (fide SMITH 1943)
Taphrometopon lineolatum — SCHMIDT 1939
Psammophis lineolatus — SMITH 1943: 367
Psammophis lineolatum — FRYNTA et al. 1997
Taphrometopon lineolatum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 695 
DistributionEast shore of Caspian Sea to S/E Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan,
Mongolia, NW China (Gansu, Ningxia, Xinjiang)

Type locality: Transcaspia Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZISP (ZIL) 2042, a 584 mm specimen (Karéline, 1837). 
CommentSynonymy: see note in Zhao & Adler on the use of the name Coluber caspius. WALLACH et al 2014: 694 recognized Taphrometopon as valid genus (with 6 species) citing ZAHER et al. 2012 who actually do not mention the genus (although they do include some of its species in their phylogenetic tree).

Distribution: Has been erroneously (?) reported from India.

Type species: Coluber (Taphrometopon) lineolatus BRANDT 1836 is the type species of the genus Taphrometopon BRANDT 1838. 
References
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Brandt, Johann F. 1838. Note sur quatre nouvelles especes de serpents de la cote occidentale de la mer Caspienne et la Perse septentrionale, decouvertes par M. Kareline. Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersburg 3: 241-244 [1836?] - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V. 2016. A new record of the Steppe ribbon racer, Psammophis lineolatus (Brandt, 1836) (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae) in the Caucasus. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology 16 (3/4): 161 – 163 - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Khan, M.S. 1986. A noteworthy collection of Amphibians and reptiles from North- Western Punjab, Pakistan. The Snake 18: 118-125
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert;Papenfuss, Theodore J.;Zhao, Ermi 1988. The snakes of Ningxia Hui autonomous region as an indication of a herpetofaunal corridor. Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (1): 4-5
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1908. Matériaux pour l’herpétologie du turkestan russe. [in Russian] Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg 13: 336-344 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1861. Über Chorisodon sibiricum D. B. = Taphrometopon lineolarum Brandt. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1860 (December): 774-775 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1861. On the Asiatic snake called Taphrometopon lineolatum by Professor Brandt. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 7: 481-484 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1861. On the Asiatic snake called Taphrometopon lineolatum by Professor Brandt. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 47-50 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wall,F. 1912. A new snake, Psammophis triticeus, from Baluchistan. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21: 634-636 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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