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Pseudalsophis hephaestus ZAHER, YÁNEZ-MUÑOZ, RODRIGUES, GRABOSKI, MACHADO, ALTAMIRANO-BENAVIDES, BONATTO & GRAZZIOTIN, 2018

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPseudalsophis hephaestus ZAHER, YÁNEZ-MUÑOZ, RODRIGUES, GRABOSKI, MACHADO, ALTAMIRANO-BENAVIDES, BONATTO & GRAZZIOTIN 2018 
DistributionGalapagos Islands (Santiago = James, Rabida = Jervis), Ecuador

Type locality: Santiago Island, collected in front of the islet known as Sombrero Chino (00° 21’ 55’’ S, 90°35’09’’W.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: DHMECN 12701 (Field number 1075), an adult male, collected on 18 June 2008 (Fig. 7). 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A small insular species of Pseudalsophis that differs from all other species of the genus by the following unique combination of characters: ventral counts in females 174–176 and males 177–183; subcaudal counts 87–114; edge of the capitulum on its asulcate side squared instead of rounded; capitular groove forming a sharp constriction on the organ. Further differs from P. darwini sp. nov. by its dorsum pattern of black vertebral and light paravertebral longitudinal bands. 
CommentBehavior: diurnal 
EtymologyFrom the Greek Hephaestus, name of the son of Zeus and Hera, God of fire and volcanoes (but also of blacksmiths, carpenters, and artisans), in allusion to the volcanic environment in which this species lives. 
References
  • Zaher, Hussam; Mario H. Yánez-Muñoz, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Roberta Graboski, Fabio A. Machado, Marco Altamirano-Benavides, Sandro L. Bonatto & Felipe G. Grazziotin 2018. Origin and hidden diversity within the poorly known Galápagos snake radiation (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), Systematics and Biodiversity, DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2018.1478910 - get paper here
 
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