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Pseudoeryx plicatilis (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoeryx plicatilis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus COPE 1885
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesSouth American Pond Snake 
SynonymColuber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758: 217
Cerastes plicatilis — LAURENTI 1768: 81
Elaps plicatilis — SCHNEIDER 1801: 294
Natrix plicatilis — MERREM 1820: 99
Pseudoeryx Daudinii FITZINGER 1826: 55
Homalopsis plicatilis — BOIE 1827: 523
Helicops plicatilis — WAGLER 1830: 171
Pseuderyx plicatilis — FITZINGER 1843: 25 (unjustified emendation)
Dimades plicatilis — GRAY 1849: 76
Calopisma plicatile — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 344
Dimades plicatilis — KOSLOWSKY 1898
Pseudoeryx plicatilis ecuadorensis MERTENS 1965
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — STARACE 1998: 233
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — KORNACKER 1999: 127
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 601

Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758
Pseudoeryx plicatilis FITZINGER 1826: 55
Pseudoeryx daudinii FITZINGER 1826: 55
Dimades plicatilis - BOULENGER 1894
Pseudoeryx plicatilis var. anomalepis BOCOURT 1895: 804
Hydrops lehmanni DUNN 1944: 71 (fide ROZE 1957)
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis - HOGE & MARANHAO 1964
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 255
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis - CEI 1993
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — SCARTOZZONI et al. 2010

Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus COPE 1885
Pseudoeryx mimeticus COPE 1885: 94
Pseudoeryx mimeticus — ROZE 1957: 23
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — HOGE 1964: 82
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 255
Pseuderyx mimeticus — MALNATE 1971: 369 (in error)
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — SCARTOZZONI et al. 2010 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru,
Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina (Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Misiones), Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Acre, Amapá, Roraima, Pará, Rondonia, Amazonas, Maranhão)

Type locality: “Ternataeis”

mimeticus: Bolivia; Type locality: Bolivia, Rio Mamoré. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous (Braz et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: NRM 57
Holotype: ANSP 11298 [mimeticus]
 
CommentSynonymy after ROZE 1957, CEI 1993, DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854 (plicatilis) and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 (mimeticus).

Type species: Pseudoeryx Daudinii FITZINGER 1826 is the type species of the genus Pseudoeryx FITZINGER 1826: 55. Roze 1957 provides a diagnosis of the genus, but SCHARGEL et al. (2007) provide a revised diagnosis of the genus. Coluber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Dimades GRAY1849, now a synonym of Pseudoeryx.

Distribution: for a map and localities see Scartozzoni et al. 2010. 
References
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1873. In: A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv; In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Ce Imprimerie Impériale, Paris, Livr. 2-15, pp. 33-860. - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VII. Lacerta 61 (6): 221-234 - get paper here
  • Cundall, David;Rossman, Douglas A. 1984. Quantitative comparisons of skull form in the colubrid snake genera Farancia and Pseudoeryx. Herpetologica 40 (4): 388-405 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Giraudo,A.R. 1999. New records of snakes from Argentina. Herpetological Review 30 (3): 179-181 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard & Nina, A.C.M. 1964. Serpentes coletadas pelo Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia. Mem. Inst. Butantan 30 [1960-1962]: 71-96 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Koslowsky,J. 1898. Enumeración sistemática y distribución geográfica de los reptiles argentinos. Rev. Mus. La Plata 8: 161-200 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Malnate, Edmund V. 1971. A catalogue of primary types in the Herpetological Collections of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP). Proccedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 123 (9): 345-375 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1965. Zur Kenntnis der neotropischen Natterngattung Pseudoeryx. Senckenbergiana biologica 46(4): 279-285
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1957. Notas sobre Hydrops lehmanni Dunn, 1944, y los generos neotropicales: Pseudoeryx, Hydrops y Helicops (Colubridae). Acta Biologica Venezuelica 2 (3): 17-26
  • Scartozzoni, R.R.; Trevine, V.C. & Germano, V.J. 2010. Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Pseudoeryx plicatilis (Linnaeus, 1758): New records and geographic distribution map. Check List 6 (4): 534-537 - get paper here
  • Schargel, W.E.; Rivas Fuenmayor, G.; Barros, T.R.; Péfaur, J.E. & Navarette, L.F. 2007. A new aquatic snake (Colubridae: Pseudoeryx) from the Lake Maracaibo Basin, Nothwestern Venezuela: a relic of the past course of the Orinoco River. Herpetologica 63 (2): 235-244 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Williams, Kenneth L. 1968. An additional record of Pseudoeryx plicatilis ecuadorensis from Ecuador. Journal of Herpetology 1 (1-4): 104-105 - get paper here
 
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