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Pseudogekko brevipes (BOETTGER, 1897)

IUCN Red List - Pseudogekko brevipes - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLuzon False Gecko 
SynonymLepidodactylus brevipes BOETTGER 1897: 161
Lepidodactylus brevipes — TAYLOR 1922: 74
Lepidodactylus brevipes — WERMUTH 1965: 97
Pseudogekko brevipes — KLUGE 1968
Pseudogekko brevipes — KLUGE 1993
Pseudogecko [sic] brevipes — RÖSLER 2000: 106
Pseudogekko cf. brevipes — GAULKE et al. 2003
Pseudogekko brevipes — SILER et al. 2014 
DistributionPhilippines (Samar, Panay, Bohol)

Type locality: Samar, Philippines.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 8988, male (4162 according to some sources) 
CommentThe populations of P. brevipes from Negros and Siquijor have been redescribed as P. atiorum.

Abundance: Rare. Pseudogekko brevipes is known only from a handful of specimens from the eastern Visayan islands of Bohol, Leyte, and Samar.

Conservation: Vulnerable (DAVIS et al. 2015).

Sympatry: possibly P. ditoy and P. pungkaypinit

Diagnosis. Pseudogekko brevipes can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size moderate (SVL 34.5–42.4 mm); (2) axilla–groin distance moderate (17.8–29.8 mm); (3) head length moderate (6.2–9.5 mm); (4) snout length long (3.8–4.4 mm); (5) Toe-IV scansors 15; (6) paravertebrals 211–218; (7) ventrals 96–117; (8) supralabials 13 or 14; (9) infralabials 14 or 15; (10) circumorbitals 33–35; (11) precloacal pores 12; (12) femoral pores absent; (13) conspicuous dorsolateral spotting present; (14) limb spotting absent; (15) tail banding absent; (16) body striping absent; (17) interorbital banding present (Tables 1, 2; Figs. 2, 3) (DAVIS et al. 2015).

Comparisons. Characters distinguishing Pseudogekko brevipes from all other species of Pseudogekko are summarized in Tables 1–3. Pseudogekko brevipes most closely resembles the new species described below; however, it differs from this species by having a shorter snout–vent length in both males (39.0 mm vs. 41.1–52.5) and females (34.5–42.4 mm vs. 44.8–48.7), shorter eye–nares distance (3.0–3.4 mm vs. 3.5–4.5), a tendency towards having both a shorter snout length (3.8–4.4 mm vs. 4.3–5.8) and internares distance (1.2–1.6 mm vs. 1.5– 1.9), fewer supralabials (13 or 14 vs. 15–17), circumorbitals (33–35 vs. 35–38), paravertebrals (211–218 vs. 226– 240), ventrals (96–117 vs. 119–129), and precloacal pores (12 vs. 13–15; Fig. 3).
Pseudogekko brevipes can be distinguished from P. chavacano by having a shorter snout–vent length (34.5– 42.4 mm vs. 54.7, 55.9), total length (72.0–87.5 mm vs. 95.8), midbody width (4.5–5.8 mm vs. 6.4, 6.7), head length (6.2–9.5 mm vs. 10.4), head width (5.6–6.5 mm vs. 7.8, 8.5), and snout length (3.8–4.4 vs. 5.8, 6.0), fewer Finger-III scansors (12 vs. 15, 16), Toe-IV scansors (15 vs. 17–20), supralabials (13, 14 vs. 15, 16), infralabials (14, 15 vs. 16, 17), circumorbitals (33–35 vs. 46), ventrals (96–117 vs. 122, 123), and precloacal pores (12 vs. 16), greater number of paravertebrals (211–218 vs. 195–197), absence (vs. presence) of limb spotting and tail banding, and presence (vs. absence) of interorbital banding; from P. compresicorpus by having a shorter snout–vent length (34.5–42.4 mm vs. 54.9–59.7), total length (72.0–87.5 mm vs. 105.9–117.3), head width (5.6–6.5 mm vs. 7.5– 10.1), and snout length (3.8–4.4 mm vs. 5.3–7.4), fewer Finger-III scansors (12 vs. 15–17), Toe-IV scansors (15 vs. 18 or 19), supralabials (13 or 14 vs. 16–20), circumorbitals (33–35 vs. 39–45), and ventrals (96–117 vs. 127–130), absence (vs. presence) of limb spotting, and presence (vs. absence) of interorbital banding; from P. ditoy by having a shorter snout–vent length (34.5–42.4 mm vs. 49.4–52.6), midbody width (4.5–5.8 mm vs. 6.3–7.3), head width (5.6–6.5 mm vs. 7.7–7.9), and snout length (3.8–4.4 mm vs. 5.4–5.7), fewer Finger-III scansors (12 vs. 14 or 15), Toe-IV scansors (15 vs. 16 or 17), supralabials (13 or 14 vs. 17–20), infralabials (14 or 15 vs. 16 or 17), circumorbitals (33–35 vs. 40–43), and precloacal pores (12 vs. 18), greater number of paravertebrals (211–218 vs. 180–185), presence (vs. absence) of dorsolateral spotting and interorbital banding; from P. pungkaypinit by having a shorter snout–vent length (34.5–42.4 mm vs. 66.6–76.8), axilla–groin distance (17.8–29.8 mm vs. 37.2–41.2), total length (72.0–87.5 mm vs. 125.3–141.2), midbody width (4.5–5.8 mm vs. 7.7–9.1), head length (6.2–9.5 mm vs. 11.4–13.6), head width (5.6–6.5 mm vs. 9.3–11.2), and snout length (3.8–4.4 mm vs. 6.7–7.5), fewer Finger-III scansors (12 vs. 15–17), Toe-IV scansors (15 vs. 17–21), supralabials (13 or 14 vs. 16–20), infralabials (14 or 15 vs. 17–19), circumorbitals (33–35 vs. 50–55), paravertebrals (211–218 vs. 265–280), ventrals (96–117 vs. 125– 155), and precloacal pores (12 vs. 17–20), presence (vs. absence) of dorsolateral spotting and interorbital banding, and absence (vs. presence) of body striping; from P. smaragdinus by having a shorter snout–vent length (34.5–42.4 mm vs. 50.2–64.3), total length (72.0–87.5 mm vs. 103.6–129.7), midbody width (4.5–5.8 mm vs. 6.2–10.4), head width (5.6–6.5 mm vs. 7.1–9.8), and snout length (3.8–4.4 mm vs. 4.9–6.5), fewer Finger-III scansors (12 vs. 15– 18), Toe-IV scansors (15 vs. 16–22), supralabials (13, 14 vs. 16–19), ventrals (96–117 vs. 124–130), and precloacal pores (12 vs. 32–41), absence (vs. presence) of femoral pores, conspicuous limb spotting, and tail banding, and presence (vs. absence) of interorbital banding (DAVIS et al. 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “pes, pedis” = foot. 
References
  • Boettger, O. 1897. Neue Reptilien und Batrachier von den Philippinen. Zool. Anz. 20: 161-166. - get paper here
  • DAVIS, DREW R.; JESSA L. WATTERS, GUNTHER KÖHLER, COLLIN WHITSETT, NICHOLAS A. HURON, RAFE M. BROWN, ARVIN C. DIESMOS & CAMERON D. SILER 2015. Redescription of the rare Philippine false gecko Pseudogekko brevipes (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) and description of a new species Zootaxa 4020 (2): 357–374
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Gaulke, M. 2013. Abenteuerurlaub auf den Philippinen. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (100): 114-125 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. & Attenbach, A.V. 2006. Waldgeckos im Haus - zur Geckofauna von Panay. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 64-71 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M.; Demegillo, A.; Reiter, J. & Tacud, B. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Salamandra 39 (2): 111-122 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1922. Verzeichnis der Typen in der herpetologischen Sammlung des Senckenbergischen Museums. Senckenbergiana 4: 162-183 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Siler CD, Welton LJ, Davis DR, Watters JL, Davey CS, Diesmos AC, Diesmos ML, Brown RM. 2014. Taxonomic revision of the Pseudogekko compresicorpus complex (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), with descriptions of three new species. Herpetological Monographs, 28: 110–139 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Drew R. Davis, Jessa L. Watters, Elyse S. Freitas, Oliver W. Griffith, Jake Wilson B. Binaday, Athena Heart T. Lobos, Ace Kevin S. Amarga, and Rafe M. Brown 2017. First Record of the Pseudogekko brevipes Complex from the Northern Philippines, with Description of a New Species Herpetologica 73 (2): 162-175 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; T. Alex Dececchi, Chris L. Merkord, Drew R. Davis, Tony J. Christiani, Rafe M. Brown 2013. Cryptic diversity and population genetic structure in the rare, endemic, forest-obligate, slender geckos of the Philippines. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
 
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