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Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus (JAN, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Pseudoxyrhophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNight Brook Snake 
SynonymHomalocephalus heterurus JAN 1863
Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus — GÜNTHER 1881
Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus — BOULENGER 1893: 315
Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 332
Pseudoxyrhopus heterurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 611 
DistributionMadagascar

Type locality: Madagascar (unknown locality)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (destroyed furing World War II) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Pseudoxyrhopus with 21 dorsal scale rows at midbody; bluntly rounded snout; 8 supralabials; anterior subcaudals undivided, posterior subcaudals divided; supralabials and rostral with white spots, which are sometimes partly fused to form a thin broken line; body coloration dark brown (from RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM 1994). 
CommentHomalocephalus suppressed by ICZN. Year has been reported as 1893. Günther (1881) stated that Homolocephalus is pre-occupied by the dipteran genus Homolocephala. 
Etymology 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1881. Seventh Contribution to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 7: 357-360. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 17. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Raxworthy C J. Nussbaum R A. 1994. A review of the madagascan snake genera Pseudoxyrhopus, Pararhadinaea and Heteroliodon (Squamata: Colubridae). MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS MUSEUM OF ZOOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN (182): I-IV + 1-37 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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