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Psilophthalmus paeminosus RODRIGUES, 1991

IUCN Red List - Psilophthalmus paeminosus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPsilophthalmus 
SynonymPsilophthalmus paeminosus RODRIGUES 1991
Psilophthalmus paeminosus — CASTOE et al. 2004 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Sergipe)

Type locality: municipality of Santo Inácio, paleoquaternary dune fields of the middle São Francisco River, Bahia, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP
Paratypes: MZUSP 
CommentPsilophthalmus is thought to be related to Nothobachia.

Type species: Psilophthalmus paeminosus RODRIGUES 1991 is the type species of the genus Psilophthalmus RODRIGUES 1991. For a definition of the genus (in Portuguese) see RODRIGUES 1991.

Diagnosis: “Palpebra ausente, ouvido externo presente. Escamas dorsals forternente carenadas e mucronadas, ventrais lisas, dispostas em quatro fileiras longitudinais. Membros antcriores com quatro dedos (pollex ausenre), os posteriores bern desenvolvidos, com cinco dedos, Prefrontais presentes.separadas nalinhamediana.Vinrea 21escamas a volta do meio do corpo; 36 a 37 fileiras transversais de dorsals. Dais pares de mentaisem contato na !inha med iana. Macho com 4-6 poros de cada lado.” [RODRIGUES 1991] 
References
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Delfim, Fagner Ribeiro ; Edelmo de Melo Goncalves & <br />Selma Torquato da Silva 2006. Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Psilophthalmus paeminosus: Distribution extension, new state record. Check List 2 (3): 89-92 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M. T. 1991. Herpetofauna das dunas interiores do Rio Sào Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. II. Psilophthalmus: um novo genero de microteiideos sem palpebra (Sauria, Teiidae). Papéis Avulsos Zoology (Sào Paulo) 37 (20): 321-327 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo et al. 2005. Chromosomal banding patterns in the eyelid-less microteiid lizard radiation: The X1X1X2X2:X1X2Y sex chromosome system in Calyptommatus and the karyotypes of Psilophthalmus and Tretioscincus (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Genetics and Molecular Biology 28 (4): 700-709
 
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