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Psilops mucugensis RODRIGUES, RECODER, TEIXEIRA JR, ROSCITO, GUERRERO, SALES-NUNES, FREITAS, FERNANDES, BOCCHIGLIERI, VECHIO, FORTES-LEITE, CAMPOS NOGUEIRA, DAMASCENO, MACHADO PELLEGRINO, SUZART-ARGÔLO & AMARO, 2017

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPsilops mucugensis RODRIGUES, RECODER, TEIXEIRA JR, ROSCITO, GUERRERO, SALES-NUNES, FREITAS, FERNANDES, BOCCHIGLIERI, VECHIO, FORTES-LEITE, CAMPOS NOGUEIRA, DAMASCENO, MACHADO PELLEGRINO, SUZART-ARGÔLO & AMARO 2017 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia)

Type locality: Fazenda Três Irmãos (12°53'06"S 41°31'41"W, 1075 m above sea level, hereafter elevation), district of Guiné, municipality of Mucugê, Serra do Espinhaço (Chapada Diamantina), Bahia, Brazil  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. MZUSP 106188, adult male, collected by M.A. Freitas and T.F. Santos Silva on October 5th 2005 (field number MTR 11787).
Paratypes. MZUSP 96918, 106187 (field number MTR 11520–21), collected on 8th October 2005 in the same locality and collectors as for the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Psilops mucugensis differs from P. paeminosus (data in parenthesis) by having a higher number of smooth subcaudal scales, 7–14 (3–7), a higher number of total pores, 16–20 (14–16), two conspicuous dorsolateral white stripes running from supraciliaries to the tail (absent), a bright red tail (brownish in adults) and longer forelimbs, 25.9% SVL (21.5% SVL). Psilops mucugensis differs from P. seductus sp. nov. (described below, data in parenthesis) by having lower number of scale rows around midbody, 17–21 (22), a higher number of subdigital lamellae under Finger IV, 16–19 (13–16) and Toe IV, 11–14 (9–11), a higher number of smooth subcaudal scales, 7–14 (2–5), a higher number of total pores, 16–20 (10–13), a larger foot, 17.6% SVL (14.8% SVL), and by the presence of calcified spines (absent) and by lacking papillae ornamenting the hemipenial flounces (present).
 
CommentHabitat: At Miguel Calmon it is found at high altitude open areas over quartzite sandy soils (1140 m asl), while at Morro do Chapéu, the single specimen was found within a semi-deciduous montane open forest (1270 m asl) (Fig. 7). At Mucugê it was found at a flat plateau (1100 m a.s.l.) covered by a type of low semi-deciduous arborescent vegetation. At Palmeiras it was found in areas of rocky grasslands campos rupestres. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality, Mucugê, at Chapada Diamantina, Bahia. 
References
  • RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT; RENATO RECODER, MAURO JR TEIXEIRA, JULIANA GUSSON ROSCITO, AGUSTÍN CAMACHO GUERRERO, PEDRO M. SALES NUNES, MARCO ANTONIO DE FREITAS, DANIEL SILVA FERNANDES, ADRIANA BOCCHIGLIERI, FRANCISCO DAL VECHIO, FELIPE SÁ FORTES LEITE 2017. A morphological and molecular study of Psilops, a replacement name for the Brazilian microteiid lizard genus Psilophthalmus Rodrigues 1991 (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae), with the description of two new species Zootaxa 4286 (4): 451–482 - get paper here
 
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