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Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis BOULENGER, 1912

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Higher TaxaAlopoglossidae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBoulenger's Largescale Lizard
Loveridge's Largescale Lizard [nicefori] 
SynonymPtychoglossus brevifrontalis BOULENGER 1912: 421
Anadia nicefori LOVERIDGE 1929 (fide PELOSO et al. 2010)
Ptychoglossus nicefori — DUNN 1944
Ptychoglossus nicefori — PETERS et al. 1970: 245
Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis — PETERS et al. 1970: 244
Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis (part) — DIXON & SOINI 1975
Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis — DUELLMAN 1978: 222
Ptychoglossus nicefori — HARRIS 1994: 253
Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis — LEHR 2002: 79 
DistributionEcuador, Peru (Ucayali etc.), Bolivia (Cochabamba), Brazil (Rondonia, Pará, Acre, Amazonas), Colombia (Vaupes), Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname

Type locality: El Topo, Río Pastaza, Ecuador.

niceofori: Colombia (eastern slopes of the Andes and gallery forests in the adjacent llanos, 150-1650 m elevation), Venezuela (Mérida). Type locality: Río Garagoa at Macanal, eastern Andes, Colombia.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.31.63 (formerly 1912.11.1.33)
Holotype: MCZ 27340 [nicefori] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSimilar species: Arthrosaura reticulata, Alopoglossus angulatus. 
EtymologyPtychoglossus brevifrontalis was named after the frontal and frontonasal scales that are both broader than long (Latin brevis = short).
Anadia nicefori was named after Brother Nicéforo María (see also P. danieli). 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • BARRIO, C.L., DIAZ DE PASCUAL, A. & CHACON, A. 2003. Geographic Distribution; Sauria Ptychoglossus nicefori. Herpetological Review 34, (2): 167 - get paper here
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1912. Descriptions of new reptiles from the Andes of South America, preserved in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 10: 420-424 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Dixon, J. R.;Soini, P. 1975. The reptiles of the upper Amazon basin, Iquitos region, Peru, Part I. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology 4: 1-58 [1986?]
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1944. The lizard genus Anadia and Ptychoglossus in colombia. Caldasia 3: 63-68
  • Harris,D.M. 1994. Review of the teiid lizard genus Ptychoglossus. Herpetological Monographs 8: 226-275 - get paper here
  • Jairam R, Jairam-Doerga S. 2016. Range extension and some morphological characteristics of Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis, Boulenger, 1912 (Squamata: Alopoglossidae) in Suriname. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [General Section]: 30–33 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2001. New records for amphibians and reptiles from Departamentos Pasco and Ucayali, Peru. Herpetological Review 32 (2): 130-132 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1929. A new Anadia from Colombia with remarks on other members of the genus. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 42: 99-102 - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Pedroza-Banda, Raúl; Jhon Jairo Ospina-Sarria, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Marvin Anganoy-Criollo, John D. Lynch 2014. Estado de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del Casanare Ciencias naturales Estado del conocimiento de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Casanare, Colombia. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 38 (146): 17-34 - get paper here
  • Peloso, Pedro L. V. and Teresa C. S. Avila-Pires 2010. Morphological Variation in Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis Boulenger, 1912 and the Status of Ptychoglossus nicefori (Loveridge, 1929) (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae. Herpetologica 66 (3): 357-372 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Pinto, Maria Goretti M. and William E. Quatman 2005. Geographic Distribution: Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis (Boulenger's Large-scaled Lizard). Herpetological Review 36 (2):202. - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
 
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