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Python bivittatus KUHL, 1820

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesPython bivittatus progschai JACOBS, AULYIA & BÖHME 2009
Python bivittatus bivittatus KUHL 1820 
Common NamesE: Burmese Python
G: Dunkler Tigerpython 
SynonymPython bivittatus KUHL 1820: 94
Python molurus bivittatus — MERTENS 1921
Python molurus bivittatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 429
Python molurus bivittatus — COX et al. 1998: 15
Python molurus bivittatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 214
Python bivittatus — JACOBS et al. 2009

Python bivittatus progschai JACOBS, AULYIA & BÖHME 2009
Python bivittatus progschai – KOCH 2011 
DistributionS Nepal, India (Arunachal Pradesh (Miao - Changlang district, Itanagar – Papum Pare district) [A. Captain, pers. Comm.]), Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S China (S Yunnan east to Fujian, incl. Hainan and Hong Kong; Sichuan, Guangxi, Guangdong), Indonesia (Java, Bali).

Introduced to Florida (USA)

progschai: Sulawesi; Type locality: SW Sulawesi. Diagnosis: see Jacobs et al. 2009.

Type locality: Java (designated by MERTENS 1930) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: (iconotype): Plate in SEBASE 1735 and KUHL 1820.
Holotype: ZFMK 87481 [progschai] 
CommentSubspecies: This species has been considered as a subspecies of P. molurus. See P. molurus and references therein for more information.

Hybridization: "The evidence for the recognition of P. bivittatus to date is based on the presence or absence of a subocular scale, yet the two forms interbreed readily in captivity. In at least one case, the interbreeding of P. bivittatus with P. sebae results in no subocular at all, even though both of the progenitors possess one." [from G. Rodda, pers. comm. 22 Feb 2010].

Distribution: Records from Sumatra and Borneo are believed to be incorrectly identified (Haile 1958, Groombridge and Luxmoore 1991). 
References
  • Barker, D.G & Barker, T.M. 2008. The Distribution of the Burmese Python, Python molurus bivittatus. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 43(3): 33-38 - get paper here
  • Barker, David G. and Tracy M. Barker 2010. The Distribution of the Burmese Python, Python bivittatus, in China. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 45(5):86-88 - get paper here
  • Branch, W. R.; Erasmus, H. 1984. Captive Breeding of Pythons in South Africa, including Details of an Interspecific Hybrid, Python sebae natalensis X Python molurus bivittatus Jour. Herp. Ass. Afr. (30): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, Abhijit; Uttam Saikia, B. H. C. K. Murthy, Santanu Dey and Sushil K. Dutta 2009. A herpetofaunal inventory of Barail Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent regions, Assam, north-eastern India. Hamadryad 34 (1): 117 – 134
  • Dorcas, M.E. & Willson, J.D. 2011. Invasive Pythons in the United States. Herpdigest, 176 pp.
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Haile, N.S. 1958. The snakes of Borneo, with a key to the species Sarawak Mus., Kuching, J. 8: 743-771.
  • Jacobs, H.J.; Auliya, M. & Böhme, W. 2009. On the Taxonomy of the Burmese Python, Python molurus bivittatus KUHL, 1820, specifically on the Sulawesi Population [in German]. Sauria 31 (3): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2011. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment. In: F.E. Zachos and J.C. Habel (eds.), Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Berlin, p. 383-404
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mazzotti, Frank J.; Michael S. Cherkiss, Kristen M. Hart, Ray W. Snow, Michael R. Rochford, Michael 2011. COLD-INDUCED MORTALITY OF INVASIVE BURMESE PYTHONS IN SOUTH FLORIDA. Biological Invasions 13: 143-151
  • Mertens,R. 1921. Bl. Aqu.- u. Terr.-Kunde, Magdeburg, 32: 277
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Metzger, Cheryl J. 2013. Python molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) habitat use / occurrence within Gopherus polyphemus burrows. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 333-334
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar. 2013. Python molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) reproduction / nesting. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 334
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Soud, Rakesh 2010. Notes on a rescue of a Burmese Python Python molurus bivittatus Kuhl, 1820 (Family: Pythonidae) from an urban area of Bongaigaon District, Assam Reptile Rap (9): 11 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael & Jochen Geiger 2012. Eine Terrarienanlage zur Haltung und Aufzucht von Riesenschlangen Draco 12 (48): 52-60
  • Zeddelmann, Moritz von 2013. Der dunkle Tigerpython, Python bivittatus bivittatus. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp.
 
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