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Pythonodipsas carinata GÜNTHER, 1868

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Higher TaxaPseudaspididae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Western Keeled Snake
G: Westliche gekielte Schlange 
SynonymPythonodipsas carinata GÜNTHER 1868: 426
Pythonodipsas carinata — BOULENGER 1888: 140
Pythonodipsas carinata — MARX et al. 1982
Pythonodipsas carinata — BAUER et al. 1993
Pythonodipsas carinata — MATTISON 1995: 226
Pythonodipsas carinata — CIMATTI 2007
Pythonodipsas carinata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 623
Pytonodipsas carinata — SCHLEICHER 2015 (in error)
Pythonodipsas carinata — SCHLEICHER 2020 
DistributionW Namibia, SW Angola, SW Zambia (?)

Type locality: emendated to “Damaraland, South West Africa” by BROADLEY 1971: 678  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.4.70 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentBehavior: nocturnal.

Diet: geckos, skinks; females also feed on small mammals and birds

Type species: Pythonodipsas carinata GÜNTHER 1868 is the type species of the genus Pythonodipsas GÜNTHER 1868. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “carinatus” = keeled (like a ship). 
  • Barts, M. 2006. Pythonodipsas carinata GÜNTHER. Sauria 28 (2): 2 - get paper here
  • Barts, Mirko & Stefan Ballandat 2018. Vom Ugab nach Gaias – ein Abenteuer im nördlichen Namibia. Draco 16 (64): 36-44 [2015] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1888. On new or little known South African reptiles. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 136-141 - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R.; Shine, R.; Harlow, P.S.; Webb, J.K. 1997. Sexual dimorphism, diet and aspects of reproduction of the western keeled snake, Pythonodipsas carinata. African Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 89-97 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. 1971. A revision of the African snake genera Amblyodipsas and Xenocalamus. Occ. Pap. natl. Mus. Rhod. B4 (33): 629-697
  • Cimatti, E. 2004. Pythonodipsas carinata - Western Keeled Snake. Reptilia (GB) (32): 60-65 - get paper here
  • Cimatti, E. 2007. Namibia - Introduction to a vast territory. Reptilia (GB) (50): 58-67 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1868. Sixth account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 1: 413-429 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Lobón-Rovira J, Vaz Pinto P, S. Becker F, Tolley KA, Measey J, Bennet B, Boon B, de Sá S, Conradie W 2022. An updated herpetofaunal species inventory of Iona National Park in southwestern Angola. Check List 18(2): 289-321 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Marx, H.; Rabb, G. B.;Arnold, S. J. 1982. Pythonodipsas and Spalerosophis, colubrid snake genera convergent to the vipers. Copeia 1982 (3): 553-561 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Schätti B. & McCarthy 1987. Relationships of the snake genera Pythonodipsas Günther and Spalerosophis Jan (Reptilia: Colubridae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 38: 265-268 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
  • Stuart, C.T. 1976. A note on Pythonodipsas carinata Günther (Western keeled snake) in South West Africa, with new distribution records. Madoqua 9 (4): 63-64
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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