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Rafetus euphraticus (DAUDIN, 1801)

IUCN Red List - Rafetus euphraticus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Euphrates Soft-shelled Turtle
G: Euphrat-Weichschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo euphratica DAUDIN 1801: 305
Testudo rafcht OLIVIER 1807
Trionyx euphraticus — GEOFFROY DE ST-HILAIRE 1809
Testudo rafscht GRAY 1831 (ex errore)
Testudo rascht GRAY 1831 (ex errore)
Gymnopus Euphraticus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 498
Tyrse rafeht GRAY 1844
Trionyx rafeht — GRAY 1855 (ex errore)
Trionyx euphraticus — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 107
Trionyx euphraticus — ALDERTON 1988
Rafetus euphraticus — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Rafetus euphraticus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Pelodiscus euphraticus — (fide TASKAVAG et al. 2016, without source)
Tyrse euphratica — (fide TASKAVAG et al. 2016, without source)
Rafetus euphraticus — TASKAVAG et al. 2016 
DistributionS Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran (Tigris and Euphrates drainages)

Type locality: "dans le Tigre et l'Euphrate."  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unlocated (fide IVERSON 1992: 316) 
Diagnosis 
CommentNot listed by ENGELMANN et al. (1993).

Distribution: Not in Israel fide Y. Werner (pers. comm.).

Type species: Testudo euphratica DAUDIN 1802: 305 is the type species of the genus Rafetus GRAY 1864.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries) 
Etymology 
References
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Atatür, M. K. & S. Üçüncü 1986. A preliminary report on some peculiarities in the skull of the Euphrates Soft-shelled Turtle, Trionyx euphraticus. Zoology in the Middle East 1: 75 - get paper here
  • Biricik, M. & Turga, S. 2011. Description of an Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Rafetus euphraticus) nest from th eTigris River (SE Turkey). Salamandra 47 (2): 99-102 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles; ouvrage faisant suit à l'Histoire naturell générale et particulière, composée par Leclerc de Buffon; et rédigee par C.S. Sonnini, membre de plusieurs sociétés savantes. Vol. 2. F. Dufart, Paris [1802], 432 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Ghaffari, Hanyeh; Ertan Taskavak, and Mahmood Karami 2008. Conservation Status of the Euphrates Softshell Turtle, Rafetus euphraticus, in Iran. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 223
  • Ghaffari, Hanyeh; Flora Ihlow, Michael V. Plummer, Mahmood Karami, Nematollah Khorasani, Barbod Safaei-Mahroo, and Dennis Rödder 2014. Home Range and Habitat Selection of the Endangered Euphrates Softshell Turtle Rafetus euphraticus in a Fragmented Habitat in Southwestern Iran. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2014, Vol. 13, No. 2: 202-215. - get paper here
  • Gramentz, D. 1991. Beobachtungen an der Euphrat-Weichschildkröte Trionyx euphraticus (DAUDIN, 1802) in Ost-Anatolien. Salamandra 27 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Gramentz, D. 1993. Vernichtung einer Population von Rafetus euphraticus am Oberlauf des Euphrat Salamandra 29 (1): 86-89 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1864. Revision of the species of Trionychidae found in Asia and Africa, with descriptions of some new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 76-98 - get paper here
  • Kantz, H. 2010. Weichschildkröten in der Türkei - Trionyx triunguis und Rafetus euphraticus. Elaphe 18 (3): 53-56
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Siebenrock, F. 1902. Zur Systematik der Schildkrötenfamilie Trionychidae Bell, nebst der Beschreibung einer neuen Cyclanorbis - Art. Sitzungsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math-Naturwiss. Cl. 111: 807-846 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1913. Schildkröten aus Syrien und Mesopotamien. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 27: 171-225 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Stadtlander, T. 1992. Recent observations of the Euphrates Soft-shelled Turtle, Rafetus euphraticus, in Mesopotamia. Zoology in the Middle East 7: 55 - get paper here
  • Taskavak , E., Atatür, M.K., Ghaffari, H., and Meylan, P.A. 2016. Rafetus euphraticus (Daudin 1801) – Euphrates Softshell Turtle. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(9):098.1–11. doi:10.3854/crm.5.098.euphraticus.v1.2016 - get paper here
  • Taskavak, E. 1998. Comparative morphology of the Euphrates soft-shelled turtle, Rafetus euphraticus (Daudin, 1802) (Reptilia, Testudines) in southeastern Anatolia. Amphibia-Reptilia 19(3): 281-291. - get paper here
  • Taskavak, Ertan 1999. Cranial morphology of Rafetus euphraticus (Daudin, 1801) from Southeastern Anatolia. Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (1):35-53 - get paper here
  • Taskavak, Ertan;Atat_r, Mehmet K. 1998. Distribution and habitats of the Euphrates softshell turtle, Rafetus euphraticus, in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey, with observations on biology and factors endangering its survival. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 3 (1): 20-30
  • Valverde, J. 2007. Weichschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (68): 16-23 - get paper here
 
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