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Ramphotyphlops lineatus (SCHLEGEL, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Ramphotyphlops lineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Striped Blind Snake, Striped Worm Snake
G: Gestreifte Wurmschlange 
SynonymTyphlops lineatus FITZINGER 1826 (numen nudum)
Typhlops lineata BOIE 1827: 563 (nomen nudum)
Acontias lineatus — WAGLER 1830: 196 (nomen nudum)
Typhlops lineatus Acontias GRAY in GRIFFITH 1831: 77 — (nomen nudum)
Typhlops lineatus SCHLEGEL 1839: 39
Pilidion lineatum — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 259
Typhlinahs lineatum — GRAY 1845: 134
Typhlops (Typhlina) lineatus JAN 1863: 10
Typhlina lineata — GÜNTHER 1864: 171
Typhlops lineatus — BOULENGER 1893: 15
Typhlops lineatus var. sumatranus WERNER 1896: 13
Typhlops lineatus var. numatrana BOULENGER 1896 (error typographicus)
Typhlops lineatus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 4
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina lineata — MCDOWELL 1974: 45
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 432
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 68
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — COX et al. 2012: 11
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops lineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 628 
DistributionThailand, W Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia (Nias, Sumatra, Java, Borneo), possibly S China (fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999)

Type locality: Java  
TypesSyntypes: RMNH RENA 3691 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout rounded, strongly projecting; nostrils inferior. Rostral very large; nasal incompletely divided, the cleft proceeding from the first labial; a single large ocular on each side behind the nasal; eyes not distinct; praefrontal, supraoculars and parietals enlarged, transverse; four upper labials. Body with 22 scales round the middle; its diameter 40 to 60 times in the total length; tail about as long as broad, ending in a spine (De Rooij 1917).

Color: Blackish above, each scale spotted with yellow, or yellow or pale brown with dark brown longitudinal lines between the series of scales; head and lower surface yellowish. Total length 485 mm (De Rooij 1917). 
CommentDistribution: not in Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) fide BAIN & HURLEY 2011. Not listed for China by Zhao 2006. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis von Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Zool Rec., Rept. Batr: 24.
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Hoover, M.F.; Chanhome, Lawan & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 2012. The Snakes of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, 845 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp. - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • MEGANTARA, E. N., JAUHAN, J., SHANIDA, S. S., HUSODO, T., FAUZI, D. A., HENDRAWAN, R., WULANDARI, I. & YUANSAH, Y. 2022. Herpetofauna distribution in different land cover types of West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(6) - get paper here
  • Niyomwan, P.; Thirakhupt, K.; Nabhitabhata, J. 2001. A key to the blind snakes in Thailand. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 1(1):47-52. - get paper here
  • Raoul H. Bain and Martha M. Hurley 2011. A Biogeographic Synthesis of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Indochina. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (Nov 2011): 1-138. - get paper here
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1839. Abbildungen neuer oder unvollständig bekannter Amphibien, nach der Natur oder dem Leben entworfen und mit einem erläuternden Texte begleitet. Arne and Co., Düsseldorf, xiv + 141 pp. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp. [1830-1832] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1896. Zweiter Beitrag zur Herpetologie der indo-orientalischen Region. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 46: 6-24 - get paper here
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