You are here » home advanced search search results Rhampholeon spectrum

Rhampholeon spectrum (BUCHHOLZ, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Rhampholeon spectrum - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Rhampholeon spectrum?

Add your own observation of
Rhampholeon spectrum »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCameroon Stumptail Chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleo spectrum BUCHHOLZ 1874: 298
Rhampholeon spectrum – GÜNTHER 1874: 443
Rhampholeon affinis STEINDACHNER 1911: 178
Rhampholeon spectrum – WERNER 1911: 45
Brookesia spectrum spectrum – LOVERIDGE 1951: 182
Brookesia spectrum – MERTENS 1966: 3
Brookesia spectrum spectrum – MERTENS 1966: 3
Rhampholeon spectrum – WRIGHT & BROADLEY 1973: 165
Rhampholeon spectrum — NECAS 1999: 258
Rhampholeon (Rhampholeon) spectrum — MATTHEE et al. 2004
Rhampholeon (Rhampholeon) spectrum — GLAW 2015 
DistributionCameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Bioko = Fernando Po, Central African Republic, Gabon

Type locality: Limbé und Bonjongo, Kamerun. Restricted to Bojongo (MERTENS 1938). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionApparently the only known parthenogenetic chameleon (KUHN & SCHMIDT 2003, citing NIETZKE 1998 as source; P. Kornacker, another co-author of Nietzke, says in a personal communication [8 Jul 2010] the source is Petzold 1982). 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 8026 (2 specimens)
Syntypes: NMW [Rhampholeon affinis] 
CommentType Species: Chamaeleo spectrum BUCHHOLZ 1874 is the type species of the genus Rhampholeon GÜNTHER 1874. 
EtymologyThe genus has been named after Greek “rhamphos” = beak and “leon” = lion: beaked lion, referring to the soft granulated rostral appendage present in the type species ofthis genus. 
References
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Buchholz, R. 1874. Über den Farbenwechsel der Chamaeleonen. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin 1874: 298-301 + 1 plate - get paper here
  • Burger, M.; Branch, W.R. & Channing, A. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Monts Doudou, Gabon: Species Turnover Along an Elevational Gradient. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 145–186
  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Euskirchen, O.; Schmitz A. & Böhme, W. 2000. Zur Herpetofauna einer montanen Regenwaldregion in SW-Kamerun (Mt. Kupe und Bakossi-Gergland).IV. Chamaeleonidae, biogeographische Diskussion und Schutzmassnahmen. Herpetofauna 22 (125): 21-34 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Gonwouo, L.N.; LeBreton, M.; Wild, C.; Chirio, L.; Ngassam, P. & Tchamba, M.N. 2006. Geographic and ecological distribution of the endemic montane chameleons along the Cameroon maountain range. Salamandra 42 (4): 213-230 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1874. Description of some new or imperfectly known species of Reptiles from the Cameroon Mountains. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1874: 442-445. - get paper here
  • Harbort, J. & Herrmann H.-W. 2002. Untersuchungen an ausgewählten Chamäleon-Populationen am Mt. Nlonako/Kamerun mit Bemerkungen zu einem Chamaeleo camerunensis. Herpetofauna 24 (140): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Herrel, A. et al. 2000. THE MECHANICS OF PREY PREHENSION IN CHAMELEONS. The Journal of Experimental Biology 203: 3255–3263
  • Kuhn, M. & Schmidt, D. 2003. Parthenogenese beim Dunklen Tigerpython (Python molurus bivittatus). Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 78-82 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1951. On reptiles and amphibians from Tanganyika Territory collected by C.J.P. Ionides. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 106 (4): 175- 204. - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2016. Chamäleons. Immer wieder Neues Reptilia 21 (119): 16-24
  • Matthee, C.; Tilbury, C.R. & Townsend, T. 2004. A phylogenetic review of the African leaf chameleons: genus Rhampholeon (Chamaeleonidae): the role of vicariance and climate change in speciation. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B271: 1967-1975 - get paper here
  • Menegon, M.; Salvidio, S. & Tilbury, C. 2002. A new dwarf chamaeleon from the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania, East Africa (Squamata: Rhampholeon Günther 1874). Journal of Herpetology 36 (1): 51-57 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Mini-Drachen: Die Erd- und Stummelschwanzchamäleons der Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Mysterious Mini-Dragons: the stump-tailed chameleons Brookesia and Rhampholeon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 10-21 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Nietzke, G. 1998. Die Terrarientiere 2. Ulmer Verlag (Stuttgart)
  • Ota, H. & Hikida, T. 1987. On a small collection of lizards and snakes from Cameroon, West Africa. African Study Monographs 8 (2): 111-123 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Böhme, W. & Tanga, J.J. 2008. Das Westliche Erdchamäleon Rhampholeon spectrum BUCHHOLZ, 1874 in Gabun. Elaphe 16 (3): 59-61 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
  • Petzold, H. G. 1982. Aufgaben und Probleme der Tiergärtnerei bei der Erforschung der Lebensäusserungen der niederen Amnioten (Reptilien). Milu, Berlin, pp. 485-786
  • Rogner, Manfred 2014. Chamäleons im Terrarium. Draco 15 (58): 6-22 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1911. Vorläufiger Bericht über drei neue Arten aus der Familie Chamaeleontidae. Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 10: 177-179.
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
  • Wild, C. 1994. Ecology of the western pygmy chameleon Rhampholeon spectrum BUCHHOLZ 1874 (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). British Herpetological Society Bulletin (49): 29-35
  • Wright, J. W.;Broadley, D. G. 1973. Chromosomes and the status of Rhampholeon marshalli Boulenger (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Bull. South. California Acad. Sci. 72: 164-165 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Rhampholeon&species=spectrum

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator