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Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima (GRAY, 1855)

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Rhinoclemmydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesRhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima (GRAY 1855)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa (BOCOURT 1868)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni (DUNN 1930)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri (ERNST 1978) 
Common NamesE: Painted Wood Turtle
G: manni: Pracht-Erdschildkröte, Costa-Rica-Pracht-Erdschildkröte 
SynonymEmys pulcherrimus GRAY 1855
Rhinoclemmys frontalis GRAY 1873: 144
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — GRAY 1873: 145
Emys pulcherrima — GÜNTHER 1885: 6
Nicoria punctularia var. pulcherrima BOULENGER 1889
Geoemyda pulcherrima WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — LINER 1994
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — KÖHLER 2000: 22
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — TTWG 2014

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima (GRAY 1855)
Rhinoclemmys bocourti GRAY 1873: 111
Geoemyda pulcherrima pulcherrima WETTSTEIN 1934
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima — VALVERDE 2011

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa (BOCOURT 1868)
Emys incisa BOCOURT 1868
Emys incisa — GRAY 1873: 110
Emys incisa — GÜNTHER 1885: 7
Nicoria punctularia var. incisa BOULENGER 1889
Geoemyda pulcherrima incisa WETTSTEIN 1934
Geoemyda pulcherrima incisa — MERTENS 1952: 36
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa — TTWG 2014

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni (DUNN 1930)
Geoemyda manni DUNN 1930
Geoemyda pulcherrima manni WETTSTEIN 1934
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni — SPINNER 2014

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri (ERNST 1978)
Callopsis pulcherrima rogerbarbouri ERNST 1978
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri — VALVERDE 2011 
DistributionMexico (Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas),
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

pulcherrima: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)

incisa: Mexico (Oaxaca) through N Nicaragua, El Salvador; Type locality: Volcano Conchagua near La Union, El Salvador.

manni: S Nicaragua through Costa Rica

rogerbarbouri: Sinaloa.

Type locality: "Mexico"; restricted by Smith and Taylor 1950:30, to "Presidio de Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico; restriction corrected by Ernst 1978:125, to the "vicinity of San Marcos, Guerrero, Mexico" (cited after KING & BURKE 1989).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.5.52.
Holotype: AMNH R63760 [rogerbarbouri]
Holotype: MNHN 9131, adult female, collector and date unknown [incisa]
Holotype: MCZ 29097, adult female, collected by E. R. Dunn in 1930 [manni] 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyThe name pulcherrima is derived from the Latin word pulcherrimus (prettiest) and refers to the colorful head and shell markings of the juvenile holotype of this species (given the non-Latinized name ‘‘The Dotted Emys’’ by Gray, 1856). 
References
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