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Rhinoclemmys funerea (COPE, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Rhinoclemmys funerea - , LR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Rhinoclemmydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack Wood Turtle 
SynonymChelops funereus COPE 1876: 154
Emys funerea — GÜNTHER 1885: 7
Geoemyda funerea — DUNN 1930
Geoemyda costaricensis KANBERG 1930
Rhinoclemmys funerea — KÖHLER 2000: 21
Rhinoclemmys funerea — TTWG 2014 
DistributionS Honduras (Caribbean drainages from the Rio Coco southward),
Nicaragua, Panama (north of the Canal Zone), Costa Rica

Type locality: "Limón" (=Puerto Limón), Costa Rica.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 45000, 45901, 46134, 46135. 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyThe name funerea is derived from the Latin funereus (pertaining to burial, funeral) and alludes to the black coloration on the head, neck, carapace, and plastron mentioned by Cope (1875) for the syntypes of this species. 
References
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93-183 [sometimes said to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification]] - get paper here
  • Ernst, C H 1981. Rhinoclemmys Fitzinger, Neotropical forest terrapins. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 274: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C. H. 1980. Rhinoclemmys funerea. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 263: 1-2. - get paper here
  • Fornelino, Manuel Merchan 2004. Etnozoología, legislación y conservación de la tortuga Negra (Rhinoclemmys funerea) en Costa Rica. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española 15(2):120-126. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Henderson, C.L. 2010. Mammals, Amphibians, and Reptiles of Costa Rica - A field guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, 198 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McLaughlin, Connor J. and C. Tristan Stayton 2016. Convergent Evolution Provides Evidence of Similar Radiations in Shell Shape in the Turtle Families Emydidae and Geoemydidae Herpetologica Jun 2016, Vol. 72, No. 2: 120-129.
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, MARIO, JOHN L. CARR, UWE FRITZ 2013. Complex phylogeography in Rhinoclemmys melanosterna: conflicting mitochondrial and nuclear evidence suggests past hybridization (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zootaxa 3670: 238–254 - get paper here
 
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