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Rhinophis homolepis HEMPRICH, 1820

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTrevelyan's Earth Snake 
SynonymRhinophis homolepis HEMPRICH 1820: 119 (nom. nud. fide GANS 1966)
Dapatnaya Trevelyanii [sic] — KELAART 1853: 108
Dapatnaya Trevelyanii [sic] — KELAART 1854: 137
Mytilia gerrardi GRAY 1858: 440
Mytilia gerrardi — GRAY 1858: 379
Mytilia gerrardi — GRAY 1858 (redescription)
Rhinophis Trevelyanus — BEDDOME 1886: 7
Rhinophis trevelyanus — BOULENGER 1893: 142
Rhinophis homolepis — PETERS 1861
Rhinophis trevelyanus — WALL 1921: 38
Rhinophis homolepis — SMITH 1943
Rhinchophis trevelyana - GANS 1966: 16
Rhinchophis trevelyana - BAUER et al 1995
Rhinophis trevelyanus — JANZEN et al. 2007
Rhinophis homolepis — WICKRAMASINGHE et al. 2009
Rhinophis homolepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 651 
DistributionSri Lanka (Ratnapura, Yatiyantota and Balangoda hills below 3,000 feet [750 m elevation], Sabaraganuwa Province; hills of Central and Uva Provinces)

Type locality: ‚,Kandyan Hills” [Dapatnaya trevelyana KELAART 1853]. —
Type locality: „Ceylon” [1858 Mytilia gerrardi GRAY]
Type locality: “Zeylania” [Sri Lanka] [1861 Rhinophis homolepis PETERS] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 3827 (Rhinophis homolepis PETERS)
Syntypes: [Dapatnaya trevelyana KELAART 1853] lost (fide GANS 1966)
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.16.66—1946.1.16.68 [1858 Mytilia gerrardi GRAY] 
CommentSynonymy: Peters 1861 placed Dapatnaya trevelyanii in synonymy of Rhinophis homolepis (Hemprich, 1820) and commented in a footnote that Kelaart's Dapatnaya trevelyanus (sic) was the first name under which this species has been described.

Rhinophis homolepis HEMPRICH 1820 is not a nomen nudum (as claimed by some authors) according to McDiarmid et al 1999; Bauer et 2002. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Mr. Trevelyan. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M., Wallach, V., and Günther, R. 2002. An annotated type catalogue of the scolecophidian, alethinophidian, and macrostomatan snakes in the collection of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (ZMB). Mitt. Mus. Naturkunde Berlin 78:157-176.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beddome,R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1966. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Uropeltidae. Das Tierreich Lfg. 84 29 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. Notice of a new genus of Uropeltidae from Ceylon in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 57-58. - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 260-265. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. Notice of a new genus of Uropeltidae from Ceylon in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 1: 440-441 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Hemprich,F.G. 1820. Grundriss der Naturgeschichte fur hohere Lehranstalten. August Rücker, Berlin. viii, 432.pp. [Posthumous edition published in 1829 with 535 pp.]
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. J. Ceylon Branch Roy. Asiatic Soc., Colombo, 22 (6): 102-116
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Descriptions of new or little known reptiles. in: Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae. Colombo, 2 (1): 11-22, [1854] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13 (3): 25-31, [1854] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1854. Catalogue of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, WILHELM CARL HARTWIG 1861. De serpentum familia Uropeltaceorum. PhD Thesis., Berlin, 22 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. Mendis; Vidanapathirana, D.R.; Wickramasinghe, N. & Ranwella, P.N. 2009. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Rakwana massif, Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 2044: 1-22 - get paper here
 
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