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Rhinophis oxyrhynchus (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

IUCN Red List - Rhinophis oxyrhynchus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSchneider's Earth Snake 
SynonymTyphlops oxyrhynchus SCHNEIDER 1801: 341
A[nguis]. (Rhinophis) oxyrrhynchus — HEMPRICH 1820: 119
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — EICHELBERG 1842: 295
Dapatnaya lanka-divana KELAART 1853
Rhinophis oxyrhincus [sic!] — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 156
Dapatnaya lankadivana — KELAART 1854: 137
Mytilia (?Rhinophis) unimaculata GRAY 1858: 379
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — BEDDOME 1886: 5
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — BOULENGER 1893: 141
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — WALL 1921: 32
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — SMITH 1943
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 138
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011
Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 651 
DistributionSri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces, Mullaitivu; Vavoniya; Trincomalee)

Type locality: India orientali" [Typhlops oxyrhynchus SCHNEIDER 1801]
Type locality: ,,Trincomalie, and [. . .] the Kandyan Province" [Dapatnaya lanka-divana KELAART]
Type locality: „Ceylon” [Mytilia (?Rhinophis) unimaculata GRAY] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide GANS 1966)
Syntypes: [Dapatnaya lanka-divana KELAART] Lost (fide GANS 1966)
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.16.90, 1946.1.17.1 [Mytilia (?Rhinophis) unimaculata GRAY] 
CommentType species: Typhlops oxyrhynchus SCHNEIDER 1801: 341 is the type species of the genus Rhinophis HEMPRICH 1820. 
References
  • Beddome,R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 260-265. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Hemprich,F.G. 1820. Grundriss der Naturgeschichte fur hohere Lehranstalten. August Rücker, Berlin. viii, 432.pp. [Posthumous edition published in 1829 with 535 pp.]
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. J. Ceylon Branch Roy. Asiatic Soc., Colombo, 22 (6): 102-116
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Descriptions of new or little known reptiles. in: Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae. Colombo, 2 (1): 11-22, [1854] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13 (3): 25-31, [1854] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1854. Catalogue of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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