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Riama simotera (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1879)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesO'Shaughnessy's Lightbulb Lizard 
SynonymEmphrassotis simoterus O’SHAUGHNESSY 1879: 296
Proctoporus simoterus — BOULENGER 1885: 414
Proctoporus simoterus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 240
Proctoporus simoterus — DOAN & SCHARGEL 2003
Riama simoterus — DOAN & CASTOE et al. 2005
Riama simotera — SANCHEZ-PACHECO 2010 
DistributionEcuador (western slopes of Andes, 2000-3300 m elevation), Colombia (Nariño)

Type locality: Intac, Ecuador. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.1.6 
Comment 
EtymologyKIZIRIAN (1996) was uncertain of the etymology of the specific epithet, simoterus, except that it is considered to be an adjective. The first part of the name, simo-, may be derived from the Greek word simo meaning "pug-nosed," a characteristic mentioned in the first sentence of the original description. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Doan, T. M. & Castoe, T.A. 2005. Phylogenetic taxonomy of the Cercosaurini (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), with new genera for species of Neusticurus and Proctoporus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 143: 405–416.
  • Doan, T.M. & Schargel, W.E. 2003. Bridging the gap in Proctoporus distribution: a new species (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of Venezuela. Herpetologica 59 (1): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Kizirian, D. A. 1996. A review of Ecuadorian Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Herpetological Monographs 10: 85-155 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1879. Description of new species of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 295-303 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, S. , Aguirre-Peñafiel, V. , Torres-Carvajal, O. 2012. Lizards of the genus Riama (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae): the diversity in southern Ecuador revisited. South American J. Herp. 7 (3): 259-275 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, S.J. 2010. A New “Microteiid” Lizard (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae: Riama) from Southwestern Colombia. Herpetologica 66 (3): 349-356 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, Santiago J.; David A. Kizirian, and Pedro M. Sales Nunes 2011. A New Species of Riama from Ecuador Previously Referred to as Riama hyposticta (Boulenger, 1902) (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum Novitates (3719): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Sanchez-Pacheco. Santiago J. 2010. Lectotype designation and redescription of the Gymnophthalmid Lizard Riama columbiana (Andersson, 1914) with notes on the type locality. Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 50 (2): 31-41 - get paper here
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Riama&species=simotera

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