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Rondonops biscutatus COLLI, HOOGMOED, CANNATELLA, CASSIMIRO, GOMES, GHELLERE, SALES-NUNES, PELLEGRINO, SALERNO, MARQUES DE SOUZA & RODRIGUES, 2015

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Iphisini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymRondonops biscutatus COLLI, HOOGMOED, CANNATELLA, CASSIMIRO, GOMES, GHELLERE, SALES-NUNES, PELLEGRINO, SALERNO, MARQUES DE SOUZA & RODRIGUES 2015
Colobosaura sp. nov. — HOOGMOED et al. 2007:147 
DistributionBrazil (Rondônia, Pará, Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Pimenta Bueno (11°35’S, 61°10’W), RONDÔNIA, Brazil  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CHUNB 18739 (field number GRCOLLI 06106); adult male; leg. G. R. Colli, F. G. R. França, A. M. Gainsbury, A. A. Garda and H. C. Wiederhecker; 1 August 2000.
Paratypes. BRAZIL: MATO GROSSO: Alta Floresta: Parque Estadual do Cristalino (9°34'38.77"S, 55°55'18.49"W): CHUNB 47042, leg. J. P. Caldwell, G. R. Colli, F. G. R. França, D. L. P. Leite, D. B. Shepard, M. M. Vasconcellos and L. J. Vitt, 11 November 2005. Pará: Tapajós region, Jacareacanga-Itaituba: MPEG 31102, leg. Team UFPA/Herpetologia; Itaituba, APA Tapajós, Mina do Tocantinzinho (6°02'45.41"S, 56°18'13.38"W): MPEG 28555, leg. A. Lima, A. Araújo and S. R. dos Anjos, 23 October 2010; (6°4'58.68"S, 56°15'14.34"W): MPEG 28556, leg. J.O. Gomes and F. Chagas, 13 August 2010; (6°3'48.00"S, 56°16'58.68"W), MPEG 28557, leg. J. O. Gomes and F. Chagas, 9 August 2010; Mina do Palito (6°18'48.9"S, 55°47'02.7"W): MPEG 28558, leg. J. Gomes and A. D'Angiolella, 19 November 2010; (05°13'49.18"S, 56°55'91"W): MPEG 31095, leg. Team UFPA/ Herpetologia, 28 October 2013; (5°17'57.01"S, 56°58'52.57"W) MPEG 31096, leg. Team UFPA/Herpetologia, 11 January 2013; (5°22'41.99"S, 56°54'50.65"W): MPEG 31098, leg Team UFPA/Herpetologia, 16 August 2013; Jacareacanga (05°45'59.9”S, 57°1714.6”W): MPEG 31097, 31099, 31100-01, all leg. Team UFPA/Herpetologia, 23 January, 21–22 August 2013; Novo Progresso (7°08.061'S, 55°24.888'W): MPEG 24127–24130, leg. M. S. Hoogmoed, M. A. Ribeiro Jr., C. O. Araujo and D. G. Nascimento, 22–26 November 2005. RONDÔNIA: Alta Floresta d’Oeste, Parque Estadual do Corumbiara (12°54'21.10"S, 62°4'6.90"W): CHUNB 52868, leg. R. J. Bosque and G. R. Colli, 9 March 2008; Cerejeiras, Parque Estadual do Corumbiara (13°6'47.87"S, 61°28'37.65"W): CHUNB 50539–50569, leg. R. J. Bosque and G. R. Colli, August 2007; Guajará-Mirim (10°46’S, 65°20’W): CHUNB 23454–23458, leg. G. R. Colli, G. C. Costa, A. M. Gainsbury, A. A. Garda, F. P. Werneck and H. C. Wiederhecker, December 2000–January 2001; Pimenta Bueno (11°35’S, 61á10’W): CHUNB 18738, leg. F. G. R. França, A. M. Gainsbury, A. A. Garda and H. C. Wiederhecker, 31 July 2000. 
CommentType species: Rondonops biscutatus COLLI et al. 2015 is the type species of the genus Rondonops COLLI et al. 2015. 
EtymologyRondon (in homage to Cândido Mariano da Silva Rondon) + ops (from the Latin: power, might, strength, ability). The genus-group name is masculine, according to Article 30.1.4.3. The name refers to the accomplishments of Marshal Rondon (May 5, 1865–January 19, 1958), a Brazilian military officer who dedicated his life to the exploration and integration of remote areas of the Brazilian territory, especially of southwestern Amazonia, and to the peaceful integration of indigenous peoples of Brazil (Conselho Editorial do Senado Federal 2003). In 1910, he was nominated the first director of Brazil's Indian Protection Bureau (SPI/FUNAI) and, in 1914, conducted, with Theodore Roosevelt, a scientific expedition to explore the River of Doubt, now Roosevelt River (Diacon 2004; Roosevelt 1914). The Brazilian state of Rondônia, where we collected the first specimens of Rondonops, was also named after him.
The specific epithet is an adjective formed from Bi (from the Latin: two) and scutatus (from the Latin: shield-shaped). The name refers to the arrangement of nuchals in two longitudinal rows, characteristic of the genus, but first noted in this species. 
References
  • COLLI, GUARINO R.; MARINUS S. HOOGMOED, DAVID C. CANNATELLA, JOSÉ CASSIMIRO, JERRIANE OLIVEIRA GOMES, JOSÉ MÁRIO GHELLERE, PEDRO M. SALES NUNES, KÁTIA C. M. PELLEGRINO, PATRICIA SALERNO, SERGIO MARQUES DE SOUZA & MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2015. Description and phylogenetic relationships of a new genus and two new species of lizards from Brazilian Amazonia, with nomenclatural comments on the taxonomy of Gymnophthalmidae (Reptilia: Squamata) Zootaxa 4000 (4): 401–427 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196
 
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