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Scaphiodontophis annulatus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Scaphiodontophis annulatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Sibynophiinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesScaphiodontophis annulatus annulatus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Scaphiodontophis annulatus dugandi ROZE 1969
Scaphiodontophis annulatus nothus TAYLOR & SMITH 1943
Scaphiodontophis annulatus hondurensis (SCHMIDT 1936) 
Common NamesGuatemala Neckband Snake 
SynonymEnicognathus annulatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 335
Enicognathus annulatus — JAN 1866
Diadophis annulatus — GARMAN 1884: 70
Polyodontophis annulatus — BOULENGER 1893: 189
Henicognathus venustissimus — GÜNTHER 1895
Sibynophis zeteki DUNN 1930: 329
Sibinophis annulatus — DITMARS 1934
Scaphiodontophis carpicinctus TAYLOR & SMITH 1943 (fide WILSON & MEYER 1982)
Scaphiodontophis zeteki — TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 317
Scaphiodontophis cyclurus TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 318
Scaphiodontophis nothus TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 320
Scaphiodontophis albonuchalis TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 323
Sibynophis albonuchalis — MERTENS 1952
Scaphiodontophis albonuchalis — BRATTSTROM & ADIS 1952
Scaphiodontophis albonuchalis — ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 13
Scaphiodontophis nothus — ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 14
Scaphiodontophis cyclurus — MARTIN 1958
Scaphiodontophis zeteki zeteki — ROZE 1969
Scaphiodontophis zeteki nothus — ROZE 1969
Scaphiodontophis annulatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 269
Scaphiodontophis zeteki — ALVAREZ DEL TORO 1982
Scaphiodontophis annulatus nothus — SMITH et al. 1986
Scaphiodontophis annulatus zeteki — SMITH et al. 1986
Scaphiodontophis annulatus annulatus — SMITH et al. 1986
Scaphiodontophis annulatus — LINER 1994
Scaphiodontophis annulatus — LINER 2007
Scaphiodontophis annulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 662

Scaphiodontophis annulatus dugandi ROZE 1969
Scaphiodontophis dugandi ROZE 1969
Scaphiodontophis annulatus “dugandi” — HENDERSON 1984
Scaphiodontophis annulatus dugandi — SMITH et al. 1986
Scaphiodontophis annulatus dugandi — HARVEY 1999

Scaphiodontophis annulatus hondurensis (SCHMIDT 1936)
Sibynophis annulatus hondurensis SCHMIDT 1936: 48
Scaphiodontophis annulatus hondurensis — TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 314
Scaphiodontophis annulatus hondurensis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 270 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Puebla, Hidalgo), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua,
Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

cyclurus: Mexico (Tamaulipas etc.);

dugandi: Colombia (Tolima, Antioquia); Type locality: “COLOMBIA,Departamento de Antioquia, region de Urabá, cerca de Turbo, río Currulao, 20 metros de altitud; Lat. 8° N., Long. 76° 40' W.”

hondurensis: Honduras; Type locality: Portillo Grande, Yoro, 4100 ft. elevation, Honduras.

Type locality: Coban, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype, MNHN 7283, a 390 mm (SVL) specimen.
Holotype: AMNH R95932 [dugandi]
Holotype: UIMNH [cyclurus]
Holotype: USNM 110411 [carpicinctus]
Holotype: USNM 110412 [nothus]
Holotype: MCZ R-38703 [hondurensis] 
CommentSynonymy after VILLA et al. 1988 and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Type species: Enicognathus annulatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854 is the type species of the genus Scaphiodontophis TAYLOR & SMITH 1943. TAYLOR & SMITH (1943) assigned the following species to this genus: venustissimus, annulatus, hondurensis, nothus, albocinctus, zeteki, cyclurus and carpicinctus. See Leviton & Munstermann 1956 for a list of diagnostic characters of Scaphiodontophis.

Distribution: Specimens of this species from Costa Rica and Panama are now assigned to Scaphiodontophis venustissimus, hence not in Panama or Costa Rica (e.g. reported by Solorzano 2004).

Mimicry: Scaphiodontophis annulatus mimicks Micrurus limbatus and M. diastema (TORRE-LORANCA et al. 2006).

Subspecies: Harvey 1999 mentioned the “dugandi” pattern, which may be an aberration. See Smith et al. 1986 for a key to the subspecies of annulatus, in which they recognized 5 subspecies (including S. a. venustissimus, now a valid species). 
EtymologyNamed after the diminutive form (“annul-”) of Latin “anus” = ring. 
References
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