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Scaphiodontophis venustissimus (GÜNTHER, 1894)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Sibynophiinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCommon Neckband Snake 
SynonymHenicognathus venustissimus GÜNTHER 1893: 144
Erythrolamprus venustissimus — BOCOURT 1886
Scaphiodontophis venustissimus — TAYLOR & SMITH 1943: 309
Scaphiodontophis venustissimus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 271
Scaphiodontophis venustissimus — HENDERSON 1982
Scaphiodontophis annulatus venustissimus — SMITH et al. 1986
Scaphiodontophis venustissimus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 663 
DistributionNicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia

Type locality: Hacienda Santa Rosa de Jericho, 3250 ft. elevation, Matagalpa, Nicaragua.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.1.35-36 (and possibly additional specimens). 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymized with Scaphiodontophis annulatus by SMITH et al. 1986. Revalidated by McCranie 2006. 
Etymology 
References
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Henderson R W 1982. An unusually patterned Scaphiodontophis (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Costa Rica. Brenesia 19-20: 359-362
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. R. 2009. Amphibians and Reptiles of Honduras. Listas Zoológicas Actualizadas UCR. Museo de Zoología UCR. San Pedro, Costa Rica. Last Actualization on November 12, 2009 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2006. Northeastern Honduras and the Systematics of the Colubrid Snake Scaphiodontophis. Carib. J. Sci. 42 (1): 136-138
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Pérez-santos, C. E. 1986. Zoogeografía de los Ophidia en Colombia. Univ. Complutense, Madrid, 2 vols., 971 pp.
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Savage J M; Slowinski J B 1996. Evolution of coloration, urotomy and coral snake mimicry in the snake genus Scaphiodontophis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 57 (2): 129-194 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M.; Fitzgerald, K.; Pérez-Higareda, G. & D. Chiszar 1986. Taxonomic Rearrangement of the Snakes of the genus Scaphiodontophis. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 22 (4):159-166 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. & Smith, Hobart M. 1943. A review of American Sibynophine snakes, with a proposal of a new genus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 29 (6): 301-337 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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