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Sceloporus formosus WIEGMANN, 1834

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus formosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mexican Emerald Spiny Lizard
S: Chintete Verde 
SynonymSceloporus formosus WIEGMANN 1834: 50
Tropidolepis formosus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 303
Tropidolepis Formosus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus formosus smaragdinus BOCOURT 1873 (?)
Sceloporus formosus — BOULENGER 1885: 222
Sceloporus formosus formosus — WETTSTEIN 1934
Sceloporus viviparus COPE 1885: 398
Sceloporus formosus formosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 108
Sceloporus formosus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus formosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus formosus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Puebla, Oaxaca south of the Balsas River, CW Veracruz)

viviparus: Type Locality: Mirador, Veracruz, Mexico.

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Acultzingo, Veracruz, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.  
ReproductionAll species of the formosus group are vivparous. 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 635, F. Deppe collector, designated by Smith and Pérez-Higareda (1992).
Holotype: USNM 25073, collected by C. Sartorius [viviparus] 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective formosus, "beautiful", refers to the beautiful color of males, with an olive-green or blue-green dorsal coloration, light orange anterior to a ventral cobalt blue throat band, and pearl-blue on sides of venter.

Etymology (scitulus): The Latin scitulus, "beautiful," refers to the brilliant green dorsum with parallel longitudinal black lines. 
References
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Calzada-Arciniega, Rafael Alejandro; Ernesto Recuero, Mirna Grisel Garcia-Castillo, Gabriela Parra-Olea 2017. New records and an updated list of Herpetofauna from Cerro Piedra Larga, an isolated mountain massif in Oaxaca, Mexico Herpetology Notes 10: 651-658 - get paper here
  • Canseco-Márquez, L., & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, México D.F., Mexico, 302 pp - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Illescas-Aparicio, M., Clark-Tapia, R., González-Hernández, A., Vásquez-Díaz, Pedro R. & Aguirre-Hidalgo, V. 2016. Diversidad y riqueza herpetofaunística asociada al bosque de manejo forestal y áreas de cultivo, en Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 32(3): 359-369
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Martín-Regalado, N.; M. C. Lavariega, R. M. Gómez–Ugalde & C. Rodríguez–Pérez 2016. Anfibios y reptiles de la sierra de Cuatro Venados, Oaxaca, México. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 14 (2016): 217–232
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • PALACIOS-AGUILAR, RICARDO & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Ramos, E. & Saldaña de La Riva, L. 2008. Morphological revision of lizards of the formosus group, genus Sceloporus (Squamata: Sauria) of southern Mexico, with description of a new species. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 44(3): 77-98 - get paper here
  • Peterson, A.T. et al. 2004. A preliminary biological survey of Cerro Piedra Larga, Oaxaca, Mexico: Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 75(2): 439-466
  • Roberts, A. & Minton, S. A. 1968. Zur Fortpflanzung von Sceloporus formosus (Reptilia, lguanidae) Salamandra 4 (1): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Larsen,K.R. 1975. A new species of the formosus group of the lizard genus Sceloporus. Copeia 1975 (1): 47-50 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Vega-Trejo, Regina; Irma Trejo, Oscar A. Flores-Villela, and Víctor H. Reynoso 2013. Amphibian and Reptile Community Structure in Pristine Coniferous Forests: Baseline Data for <br />Conservation Studies. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (3) - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2017. Der große Treck – Teil 5.Don’t mess with Texas. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 68-79 - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. 1934. Ergebnisse der Osterreichischen Biologischen Costa Rica Expedition 1930. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl. 143: 1-39 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
 
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