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Sceloporus graciosus BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus graciosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus graciosus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus graciosus graciosus BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus COPE 1896 
Common NamesSagebrush Lizard
gracilis: Western Sagebrush Lizard, Mountain Swift
graciosus: Northern Sagebrush Lizard
vandenburghianus: Southern Sagebrush Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus graciousus [sic] BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 69
Sceloporus graciosus — YARROW 1875 (emendation)
Sceloporus gratiosus — BOULENGER 1885: 230
Sceloporus graciosus — STEBBINS 1985: 133
Sceloporus graciosus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 109
Sceloporus graciosus graciosus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Sceloporus graciosus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — VAN DENBURGH 1922
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — FITCH 1936
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus graciosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — CROTHER et al. 2012

Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus COPE 1896
Sceloporus vandenburgianus COPE 1896: 834
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CAMP 1916
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH 1939: 176
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 119
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — STEBBINS 1985: 134
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CENSKY 1986
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS 1991
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — BARROWS 2019 
DistributionUSA (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, S Montana, W Colorado, N Arizona, New Mexico, W Texas),
Mexico (N Baja California Norte)

Type Locality: Valley of the Great Salt Lake [Utah].

graciosus: USA (Oregon etc.)

gracilis: Oregon, California. Type Locality: "Oregon", restricted to "vicinity of Klamath Falls" by Schmidt (1953).

vandenburgianus: USA (mountains south from Ventura County, California), Mexico (NW Baja California). Type locality: Summit of the coast range, San Diego County, California. According to Applegarth and Banta (1970), the locality is described by Mearns ((1907) as "Campbell's Ranch, at Laguna Mountains, Coast Range, San Diego County, California."  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 2877 (4), collected by H. Stansbury; date unknown.
Holotype: USNM 21931 [vandenburgianus]
Holotype: unknown fide Censky 1986 [gracilis] 
CommentSynonymy: Sceloporus gratiosus listed by BOULENGER 1897 is actually S. jalapae (fide SMITH et al. 2000).

Subspecies: Sceloporus graciosus arenicolus has been elvated to full species status. Sceloporus vandenburgianus is morphologically similar and geographically close to populations of S. graciosus gracilis (WIENS & REEDER 1997) and actually intergrades with S. graciosus (Applegarth and Banta 1970).

Distribution: see map in Chan et al. 2013. 
EtymologyEtymology (gracilis): The Latin gracilis means "thin, slender", and Baird and Girard described it as such in comparing it with their Sceloporus graciosus.

Etymology (graciosus): The Latin gratia, meaning "grace," or "graceful," and -osus, "having the quality of," is a judgment of form. The name graciosus is an incorrect transliteration but cannot be changed under the Code.

Etymology (vandenburgianus): Named after John Van Denburgh (1872-1924), curator of herpetology at the California Academy of Sciences from 1895-1924. 
  • Applegarth, John S.;Banta, Benjamin H. 1970. A notable occurence of Sceloporus graciosus vandenburghianus Cope (Reptilia: Lacertilia) in the Santa Cruz Mountain of California, with comments on its life history, ecology, taxonomy, and zoogeography. Wasmann Journal of Biology 28 (2): 191-198 - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 68-70 - get paper here
  • Barrows, Cameron W. B 2018. RESPONSES OF A MONTANE LIZARD ASSEMBLAGE TO AN EXTENDED DROUGHT. The Southwestern Naturalist Sep 2018 Vol. 63, No. 3: 173-181 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A revision of the lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 474-522 - get paper here
  • Burkholder, Gary L.;Tanner, Wilmer W. 1974. Life history and ecology of the Great Basin sagebrush swift, Sceloporus graciosus grasiosus Baird and Girard, 1852. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 19 (5): 1-44
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Camp, C.L. 1916. The subspecies of Sceloporus occidentalis, with description of a new form from the Sierra Nevada and systematic notes on other California lizards. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 17: 63-74
  • Censky E J 1986. Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard. Sagebrush lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (386): 1-4 - get paper here
  • CHAN, LAUREN M.; JAMES W. ARCHIE, ANNE D. YODER, LEE A. FITZGERALD 2013. Review of the systematic status of Sceloporus arenicolus Degenhardt and Jones, 1972 with an estimate of divergence time. Zootaxa 3664 (3): 312–320 [erratum in] - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J. 1971. Karyotypes of five monotypic species groups of lizards in the genus Sceloporus. American Museum Novitates (2450): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Collins J T 1991. Viewpoint: a new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 22 (2): 42-43 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
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  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1896. On two new species of lizards from Southern California. American Naturalist 30: 833-836 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
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  • Eaton, Theodore H., Jr 1935. Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country. Bulletin 3. Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition : 1-20
  • Eells, M.M. 1978. AN ALBINISTIC SAGEBRUSH LIZARD, SCELOPORUS GRACIOSUS. Herpetological Review 9 (2): 48 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Denzel E.;Payne, K. Ellsworth;Storm, Robert M. 1958. Notes on the herpetology of Baker County, Oregon. Great Basin Naturalist 18 (2): 63-65 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Gary W.; William H. Gehrmann, Andrew M. Brinker, and Glenn C. Kroh 2014. Daily and Seasonal Patterns of Natural Ultraviolet Light Exposure of the Western Sagebrush Lizard (Sceloporus graciosus gracilis) and the Dunes Sagebrush Lizard (Sceloporus arenicolus). Herpetologica Mar 2014, Vol. 70, No. 1: 56-68. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2014. Reproduction of the Sagebrush Lizard, Sceloporus graciosus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from New Mexico. Sonoran Herpetologist 27 (2):36-38. - get paper here
  • Hubbard, Kaylan A; Anna D Chalfoun, and Kenneth G Gerow 2016. The Relative Influence of Road Characteristics and Habitat on Adjacent Lizard Populations in Arid Shrublands. Journal of Herpetology 50 (1): 29-36. - get paper here
  • Jackson, L.; Hunsaker, D. 1970. Chromosome morphology of sceloporine lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis and S. graciosus). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 26(2):198-199
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kerfoot, W. Charles 1968. Geographic variability of the lizard, Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard, in the eastern part of its range. Copeia 1968 (1): 139-152 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Mosauer, Walter 1936. The reptilian fauna of sand dune areas of Vizcaino Desert and of northwestern Lower California. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (329): 1-21
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  • Rawson, J.M.; Pils, A. 2005. Range extension for the northern sagebrush lizard in Southwest Montana. Northwest Science 79(4):281-285.
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  • Sites, Jack W. Jr;Thompson, Pamela 1986. Allozyme variation in an anomalous indivdual of the iguanid lizard, Sceloporus graciosus. Journal of Herpetology 20 (3): 432-436 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. McCarthy, C. and David Chiszar 2000. Some enigmatic identifications in Boulenger’s 1897 Sceloporus monograph (Reptilia: Sauria). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 36 (4): 124-132 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins, R. C.;Robinson, H. B. 1946. Further analysis of a population of the lizard Sceloporus graciosus gracilis. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 48 (3): 149-168
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Tanner, Vasco M. 1930. The amphibians and reptiles of Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah. Copeia 1930 (2): 41-43 - get paper here
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  • Thompson, Pamela;Sites, Jack W., Jr 1986. Comparison of population structure in chromosomally polytypic and monotypic species of Sceloporus (Sauria: Iguanidae) in relation to chromosomally-mediated speciation. Evolution 40 (2): 303-314 - get paper here
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  • Tinkle, D.W.;Dunham, A.E.;Congdon, J.D. 1993. Life History and Demographic Variation in the Lizard Sceloporus graciosus - A Long-Term Study. Ecology 74 (8): 2413-2429
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  • Valdez-Villavicencio, Jorge H., Bradford D. Hollingsworth and Patricia Galina-Tessaro. 2016. Sceloporus vandenburgianus (Cope, 1986). Kyphosis and scoliosis. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 488-490 - get paper here
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  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
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