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Sceloporus horridus WIEGMANN, 1834

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus horridus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus horridus horridus WIEGMANN 1834
Sceloporus horridus oligoporus COPE 1864 
Common NamesE: Horrible Spiny Lizard, Rough Lizard, Southern Rough Lizard [horridus]
S: Chintete Gris del Sur [horridus]
E: Few-pored Rough Lizard, Western Rough Lizard [oligoporus]
S: Chintete Gris de Pocos Poros [oligoporus] 
SynonymSceloporus horridus WIEGMANN 1834
Tropidolepis horridus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 306
Tropidolepis Horridus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus spinosus horridus — BOULENGER 1885: 493
Sceloporus horridus horridus — SMITH 1939: 98
Sceloporus horridus horridus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 116
Sceloporus horridus horridus — CAMARILLO-RANGEL 1983
Sceloporus horridus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus horridus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus horridus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Sceloporus horridus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus horridus oligoporus COPE 1864
Sceloporus horridus oligoporus — SCHMIDT 1947
Sceloporus horridus oligoporus — CAMARILLO-RANGEL 1983
Sceloporus horridus oligoporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus horridus oligoporus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionMexico (S Morelos, Guerrero, Oaxaca, S Puebla, N Jalisco to S Sinaloa, Michoacan, Colima, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, México)

oligoporus: Mexico (W Guerrero, C/S Michoacan, C Jalisco to Durango). Type Locality: Colima, Colima, Mexico.

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Cuernavaca, Morelos, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 640 (missing fide Taylor, 1969), Ferdinand Deppe collector.

Syntypes: USNM 31386-31393, collected by John Xantus; 31391 exchanged to MCZ in 1944;
31392 exchanged to UIMNH in 1956 [oligoporus] 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus horridus albiventris SMITH 1939: 108 is now considered as valid species. 
EtymologyEtymology (horridus): The Latin horridus, "bristly," or "rough," refers to the strongly mucronate dorsal scales. It is unlikely that the ancillary meaning of dreadful, frightful or fearsome (the English word horrid) was intended by the describer.

Etymology (oligoporus): The Greek words oligo, "few," and poros, "pore," refer to the small number of femoral pores, which rarely total more than six for both sides. 
References
  • Auth, David L.;Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus horridus oligoporus. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Bustos Z. M.G., R. Castro-Franco, J. Manjarrez S., y V. Fajardo G. 2014. Variación morfológica asociada a los patrones de color de la garganta, en lagartijas Sceloporus horridus horridus (Sauria: Phrynosomatidae). Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 30(2): 363-374
  • Bustos, Z. M. G., Manjarrez, J. y Castro-Franco, R. 2013. Uso de microhábitat y termorregulación en Sceloporus horridus horridus (wiegmann 1939) (Sauria: Phrynosomatidae). Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 28(2): 479-481
  • Camarillo Rangel, J.L. 1983. New herpetological records from the state of Mexico. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 19(2):39-46
  • Capul, F. 2012. Medizin-Echsen. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (4): 44-45
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Contributions to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 166-181. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Fox. S. F., S. Perea-Fox and R. Castro-Franco. 1994. Development of the tail autotomy adaptation in lizards under disparate levels of predation at high and low elevations in México. Southwestern Naturalist 39(4): 311-322
  • García, A. & Ceballos, G. 1994. GUIA DE CAMPO DE LOS 'REPTILES Y ANFIBIOS DE LA COSTA DE JALISCO, MEXICO. FUNDACION ECOLOGICA DE CUIXMALA, A.C. INSTITUTO DE BIOLOGIA, UNAM
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 2001. The herpetofauna of the Mexican State of Aguascalientes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 230: 1-57
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Natur. Hist. Mus. of L.A. Co., Contrib. in Sci. (275): 1-17
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Limón, E. R. y Bustos, Z. M. G. y Castro-Franco, R. 2014. Dimorfismo sexual y ciclo reproductor de Sceloporus horridus horridus (Wiegmann 1939) (Sauria: Phrynosomatidae). Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 30(1): 91-105
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
 
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