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Sceloporus torquatus WIEGMANN, 1828

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus torquatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus torquatus torquatus WIEGMANN 1828
Sceloporus torquatus binocularis DUNN 1936
Sceloporus torquatus madrensis OLSON 1986
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster COPE 1885
Sceloporus torquatus mikeprestoni SMITH & ALVAREZ 1976 
Common NamesE: Crevice Swift, Torquate Lizard, Wiegmann's Torquate Lizard
S: Espinosa de Collar
E: Nuevo Leon Crevice Swift [binocularis]
S: Espinosa de Montafia [binocularis]
E: Lesser Torquate Lizard [madrensis]
S: Espinosa de Collar Pequeño [madrensis]
E: Central Plateau Torquate Lizard [melanogaster]
S: Espinosa de Collar de la Planicie [melanogaster]
E: Preston's Torquate Lizard [mikeprestoni]
S: Espinosa de Collar de Preston [mikeprestoni] 
SynonymSceloporus torquatus WIEGMANN 1828: 369
Agama torquata PEALE & GREEN 1830
Tropidolepis torquatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 301
Tropidolepis Torquatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus ferrariperezi COPE 1885: 400
Sceloporus torquatus torquatus — COPE 1885: 402
Sceloporus torquatus — BOULENGER 1885: 219
Sceloporus ferrariperezi ferrariperezi — SCHMIDT 1947
Sceloporus torquatus torquatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 125
Sceloporus torquatus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus torquatus — WIENS et a. 2010

Sceloporus torquatus binocularis DUNN 1936
Sceloporus binocularis DUNN 1936: 474
Sceloporus ferrariperezi binocularis — SMITH 1939: 216
Sceloporus torquatus binocularis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 126
Sceloporus torquatus binocularis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus torquatus binocularis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus torquatus madrensis OLSON 1986
Sceloporus torquatus madrensis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus torquatus madrensis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster COPE 1885
Sceloporus melanogaster COPE 1885: 400
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — BOULENGER 1885: 220
Sceloporus ferrariperezi melanogaster — SMITH 1939: 216
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 126
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — ZWEIFEL 1959
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — WILLIAMS et al. 1960
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus torquatus mikeprestoni SMITH & ALVAREZ 1976
Sceloporus torquatus mikeprestoni — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus torquatus mikeprestoni — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionMexico (Nayarit and other states [HR 30: 111], Quéretaro, Durango, Guerrero)

torquatus: C Mexico, including Hidalgo, SC Veracruz, México, Distrito Federal, N Puebla, E Morelos, S Guanajuato, N Michoacán. Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to México, Distrito Federal, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

binocularis: Nuevo León. Type locality: Trail from Pablillo to Alamar, Nuevo León.

ferrariperezi: Mexico (Guanajuato, Michoacan); Type Locality: Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico.

madrensis: Type Locality: Above Rancho del Cielo, 1740 m, 7 km NW Gómez Farías, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

melanogaster: N Jalisco, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Michoacán, México (Hr 34: 385); Type locality: “Probably from Guanajuato” = Noria (Michoacán), or Tupátaro, near Cuerámaro, Guanajuato fide Dugès 1887. Restricted to Tupátaro by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

mikeprestoni: Mexico (Nuevo León, Tamaulipas). Type Locality: Marcela, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Marcela is a rural housing development at the northern end of a valley at the foot of Peña Blanca. The nearest town is Miquihuana, Tamaulipas, 19 km N and 7 km W of Marcela.  
ReproductionAll species of the torquatus group are viviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 628-631, collected by Ferdinand Deppe
Holotype: ANSP 8499; Mexico [Agama torquata]
Holotype: ANSP 20032, collected by H.A. Pilsbry, F.W. Pennell and C.H. Harvey Malnate in 1934 [binocularis].
Syntypes: USNM 9874, 9876, 9878, 9880, 9895 (latter exchanged to MCZ in 1944 fide Cochran, 1961) [ferrariperezi].
Holotype: TCWC 62433, collected by R. E. Olson, 18 June 1982 [madrensis]
Holotype: USNM 9877,collected by Alfredo Dugès in 1877 [melanogaster]
Holotype: MCZ R115679, an adult female collected by Ticul Alvarez, 3 April 1969 [mikeprestoni] 
CommentType species: Sceloporus torquatus is the type species of the genus Sceloporus. For a recent phylogeny of the genus see WIENS et al. 2010.

Subspecies: Sceloporus torquatus minor is now treated as an evolutionary species or as a subpsecies of S. jarrovii.

Synonymy: Agama torquata PEALE & GREEN 1830 has been described independently and given (serendipitoulsy!) the same species epithet. The name is thus a junior secondary homonym and objective synonym of Sceloporus torquatus Wiegmann (1828).

Sympatry: Circular sympatry may occur between S. t. mikeprestoni, derived from S. t. torquatus, and S. t. binocularis, derived from S. t. melanogaster. Additional field work in the hiatus between the ranges of S. t. mikeprestoni and S. t. binocularis is necessary to resolve this problem (BELL et al. 2003).

Types: One of the syntypes of Sceloporus ferrariperezi COPE (USNM 9880) is actually Sceloporus spinosus according to SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. 
EtymologyEtymology (torquatus): The Latin torquatus, "adorned with a necklace or collar", refers to the conspicuous, light-bordered black collar in these lizards.

Etymology (binocularis): The name S.t. binocularis is a Latin adjective from bis- "two" or "paired," and oculus, "eye," referring to the two enlarged supraocular scales.

Etymology (madrensis): The Latinized Spanish madre, "mother," and the suffix -ensis, "pertaining to," refer to the type locality of this form in the pine-oak forests on the eastern wall of the Sierra Madre Oriental.

Etymology (melanogaster): The Greek melanos, "black," and gaster, "stomach," refer to the black abdomen.

Etymology (mikeprestoni): The Latin genitive singular honors Michael J. Preston, who provided critical aid to the Smiths in the processing of data on the literature of Mexican herpetology. 
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