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Scelotes capensis (SMITH, 1849)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCape Burrowing Skink, Western Dwarf Burrowing Skink 
SynonymGongylus capensis SMITH 1849: 10
Seps capensis — GÜNTHER 1871: 241
Scelotes capensis — BOULENGER 1887: 412
Sepsina weberi ROUX 1907: 437 (fide FITZSIMONS 1943)
Scelotes capensis — WERNER 1910: 350
Scelotes capensis— BAUER & BRANCH 2003
Scelotes capensis — BATES et al. 2014: 273 
DistributionS Namibia, Republic of South Africa (Little Namaqualand)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH ? (Fitzsimons 1937: 269 states that “There are two specimens in the B.M., although Smith specifically states only possessing one. The larger of the above-mentioned specimens lacks the tail and measures 2 in. from snout to vent, just as stated in the original description, and would appear to be the type, although not claimed as such by Boulenger!” 
Diagnosis 
CommentThis species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only two digits on the hind limb. 
Etymology 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Berger-Dell'mour H A E 1987. Some new data on the herpetology of south west Africa. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa 33: 5-8 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1907. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna von Süd-Afrika. Ergebnisse einer Reise von Prof. Max Weber im Jahre 1894. VII. Lacertilia (Eidechsen). Zool. Jahrb., Abt. Syst., Geogr. Biol. Tiere (Jena), 25: 403-444 - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London [facsimile published by Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1977] - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
 
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