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Simalia amethistina (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Amethystine or scrub python
G: Amethystpython 
SynonymBoa Amethistina SCHNEIDER 1801: 254
Python amethystinus — DAUDIN 1803: 230
Constrictor amethystin [us] — WAGLER 1830: 168
Liasis amethystinus — GRAY 1842: 44
Liasis Amethystinus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 433
Aspidopython Jakati MEYER 1874: 135
Liasis amethystinus — GÜNTHER 1879: 85
Liasis duceboracensis GÜNTHER 1879: 86
Hypaspistes dipsadides OGILBY 1891: 192
Python amethystinus — BOULENGER 1893: 83
Liasis clarki BARBOUR 1914: 202
Python amethystinus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 24
Liasis amethistinus — STIMSON 1969
Python amethistinus — MCDOWELL 1975: 52
Australiasis amethystinus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984: 106
Morelia amethistina — KLUGE 1993
Morelia amethistina — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 170
Morelia amethistina — COGGER 2000: 611
Austroliasis amethystina clarki [sic] — HOSER 2001
Liasis amethistinus — SWITAK 2006
Morelia amethistina — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
Australiasis funki — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Simalia amethistina — REYNOLDS et al. 2014
Morelia amethistina — WALLACH et al. 2014: 452
Simalia amethistina — BARKER et al. 2015: 13
Morelia amethystina — COGGER 2014: 824 
DistributionIndonesia (Halmahera, Batjan = Bacan, Ceram = Seram, Ambon, Saparua, Haraku, Timorlaut, Banda, Kai Island, Aru Island, Misool, Salawati, Irian Jaya),
Molucca Islands, S Philippines ?,
Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago, Trobriand I), Louisiade Archipelago, New Ireland, New Britain, Ferguson Island, Australia (NE Queensland), several Islands of Torres Strait

Type locality: unknown (fide STIMSON 1969 and KLUGE 1993) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1485 (presumed lost)
Holotype: Australian Museum (Sydney) [Hypaspistes dipsadides]
Holotype: MCZ 9600 [Liasis clarki] 
CommentSynonymy after KLUGE 1993. Liasis amethistinus kinghorni STULL 1933 hs been elevated to full species status by HARVEY et al. 2000.

Hybridization: BANKS & SCHWANER (1984) describe a hybrid between Morelia spilota and Liasis mackloti as well as hybrids between Morelia spilota and Morelia amethistina.

Type species: Boa Amethistina SCHNEIDER 1801: 254 is the type species of the genus Simalia GRAY 1849.

Diagnosis (genus): Barker et al. 2015: 13 
References
  • Akeret, B. 2008. Gefahrenpotenzial Riesenschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (72): 4-12 - get paper here
  • Banks, C., Schwaner, T.D., 1984. Two cases of interspecific hybridization among captive Australian boid snakes [Python spilotes, Python amethistinus, Liasis mackloti.]. Zoo Biology 3: 221-227
  • Bär, R. 2005. Neuere Erkenntnisse zur Nomenklatur des Amethystpythons (Morelia amethistina (SCHNEIDER 1801)) und des Seram-Pythons (Morelia clastolepis (HARVEY et al. 2000)) sowie erstmalige Vorstellung einer weiteren Inselpopulation innerhalb des Morelia-amethist Elaphe 13 (2): 49-51
  • Barbour, T., 1914. On some Australasian reptiles. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 201—206. - get paper here
  • Barker, D. G., Barker, T. M., Davis, M. A. and Schuett, G. W. 2015. A review of the systematics and taxonomy of Pythonidae: an ancient serpent lineage. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 175 (1): 1-19; doi: 10.1111/zoj.12267 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Charles, N.; R. Field, R. Shine 1985. Notes on the Reproductive Biology of Australian Pythons, Genera Aspidites, Liasis and Morelia. Herpetological Review 16 (2): 45-48 - get paper here
  • Clegg, Jonathan R. and Merlijn Jocque 2015. The Collection of Snakes Made by Benoît Mys and Jan Swerts in Northern Papua New Guinea in 1982–85 Journal of Herpetology Sep 2016, Vol. 50, No. 3: 476-485. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Fearn, S. L. 2002. Notes on a maximal sized Scrub Python Morelia amethistina (Serpentes: Pythonidae) from Kuranda, North East Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 32: 2–3
  • Fearn, S. L.; J. Sambono 2000. Some ambush predation postures of the Scrub Python Morelia amethistina (Serpentes: Pythonidae) in north east Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 30: 39-44
  • Fearn, S. L.; J. Sambono 2000. A reliable size record for the Scrub Python Morelia amethistina (Serpentes: Pythonidae) in north east Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 30: 2–6
  • Fearn, Simon 1998. A range extension for the scrub python Morelia amethistina (Serpentes: Boidae): a record from Magnetic Island, North Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 28 (2): 39-40
  • Franz, V. 2003. Pythons of the World. Reptilia (GB) (27): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Synopsis of the species of prehensile-tailed snakes, or family Boidae. Zoological Miscellany 2: 41-46
  • Greenbaum, E. 2000. Herpetofaunal observations in disparate habitats in south Sustralia, New South Wales, and queensland, Australia. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 6-16 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1879. Notice of a collection of reptiles from islands of Torres Straits. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3: 84—87. - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B., David B. Barker, Loren K. Ammerman and Paul T. Chippindale 2000. Systematics of pythons of the Morelia amethistina complex (Serpentes: Boidae) with the description of three new species. Herpetological Monographs 14: 139-185 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. An updated review of the pythons including resolution of issues of taxonomy and nomenclature. Australasian Journal of Herpetology 10: 2-32 - get paper here
  • Hoser, Raymond 2000. A Revision of the Australasian pythons. Ophidia Review 1: 7-27
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The ophidians of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 33-41. - get paper here
  • Martin, R. W. 1995. Field Observation of Predation on Bennett's Treekangaroo (Dendrolagus bennettianus) by an Amethystine Python (Morelia amethistina). Herpetological Review 26 (2): 74-76 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S.B. 1975. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part lI. Aniloidea and Pythoninae. Journal of Herpetology 9 (1): 1-79 - get paper here
  • Mense, M. 2016. Python-Schönheiten von der anderen Seite der Welt: Morelia, die Baum- und Rautenpythons Reptilia 21 (118): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Ogilby, J.D. 1891. Descriptions of three new Papuan snakes. Rec. Austral. Mus. 1: 192—194. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Matthew L. Niemiller, Liam J. Revell 2014. Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213 [published online in 2013] - get paper here
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Stock, R. 2004. Pflege und Zucht des gelben Amethystpythons Morelia amethistina amethistina (SCHNEIDER 1801). Elaphe 12 (4): 34-38
  • Stull, O.G. 1933. Two new subspecies of the family Boidae. Occasional Papers Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (267): 1-4.
  • Sues, L.; R. Shine 1999. Morelia amethistina (Australian Scrub Python). Male-Male Combat. Herpetological Review 30 (2):102 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
 
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