You are here » home advanced search search results Sinomicrurus kelloggi

Sinomicrurus kelloggi (POPE, 1928)

IUCN Red List - Sinomicrurus kelloggi - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sinomicrurus kelloggi?

Add your own observation of
Sinomicrurus kelloggi »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Kellogg's Coral Snake
Chinese: 福建华珊瑚蛇
E: Hou’s coralsnake [houi]
Chinese: 海南华珊瑚蛇 (Hǎi Nán Huá Shān Hú Shé) [houi] 
SynonymHemibungarus kelloggi POPE 1928: 6
Calliophis wongii FAN 1931
Callophis kelloggi — SMITH 1943: 426
Calliophis kelloggi DING & ZHENG 1974
Micrurus kelloggi — WELCH 1994: 85
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Hemibungarus kelloggi — ORLOV et al. 2003
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 676
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — WANG et al. 2022

Sinomicrurus houi WANG, PENG & HUANG in PENG et al. 2018
Calliophis kelloggi — ZHAO 1990: 359.
Calliophis kelloggi — CHU & HUANG, 1990: 152.
Calliophis kelloggi — ZHAO & ADLER 1993: 265.
Calliophis kelloggi — ZHAO 1998: 342
Calliophis kelloggi — SHI & MENG 2001: 83
Calliophis kelloggi — JI & WEN 2002: 236.
Calliophis kelloggi — ZHAO 2004: 329
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — ZHAO 2006: 297.
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — SHI, ZHAO & WANG 2011: 259, Plates XXIV-128
Sinomicrurus kelloggi — WANG 2014: 119
Sinomicrurus houi — TAN et al. 2020 
DistributionVietnam, N Laos (fide WELCH 1994),
S China (Fujian, Hunan, incl. Hainan)

Type locality: Chungan Hsien, Fukien (= Chongan Xian, Fujian), China

houi: China (Hainan island), Laos (Khammouan), Vietnam (Quang Ninh, Nghe An); Type locality: forest edge on a path near a gutterway at the side of Tianchi Lake, Jianfengling NNR, Hainan island, Hainan, China (108°46′ E, 18°39′ N; 805 m elevation; Figure 4 in Peng et al. 2018).  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 33744
Holotype: HSU (also as HUM) 20170001 (Figures 1, 2), adult male, collected by Lijun WANG and Mian HOU on 17 Jun 2010, and deposited in the Museum of Huangshan University. Paratypes: Re5410, adult male, and CIB108251, adult female, from the same locality as the holotype, collected on 25 Mar 2011 by Lijun WANG and Mian HOU. The former deposited in the Shanghai Natural History Museum, the latter deposited in the Herpetological Museum of Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. HUM20170004, adult female, collected in the Diaoluoshan NNR, Hainan Island, Hainan, China (109°54′ E, 18°41′ N; 726 m a.s.l.) on 9 Jul 2012 by Yiwu ZHU. The specimen is deposited in the Museum of Huangshan University [houi] 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A Hemibungarus with 15 rows of scales,no longitudinal lines on the body, and head rather distinct from the neck (from Pope 1928).

Diagnosis (houi): Sinomicrurus houi sp. nov. differs from the known five congeners by a combination of the following characters: 1) dorsal scale rows (DSC) 15: 15: 15, smooth throughout; 2) ventrals (VL) 173–183; 3) subcaudals (SC) 27–38; 4) head relatively elongated, head length (HL) 2.0–2.1 times as long as head width (HW); 5) no loreal; 6) supralabials (SL) 7/7, infralabials (IL) 7/7; 7) dorsal surface scarlet, with 16–19 edged yellowish black bands on trunk of body, 2–4 on tail; 8) numbers of ventral spots 34–42; 9) dorsum of head having a narrow white broadwise band in the forefront of head (covering almost all the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th supralabials, preoculars, and continuing through forefront prefrontals) and two symmetric white stripes appearing a Chinese symbol for the figure eight (“八”, from both sides of frontal to neck sides and gradually widening); 10) maxillary teeth behind the fangs present.

Variation (houi): The variation in measurement is given in Table 1 in Peng et al. 2018. The holotype and the paratypes are similar in general aspects.

Comparisons (houi): Based from morphology analysis, the genus Sinomicrurus have three species groups, the S. macclellandi, S. kelloggi and S. japonicus groups.
The S. macclellandi group species differs from the S. kelloggi group species by having 13 scale rows on the body, ventrals 195–241, subcaudals 25–46, 1 + 1 temporals, 6/6 infralabials, with (S. m. macclellandi, S. m. iwasakii, S. m. swinhoei) or without (S. m. gorei, S. m. univirgatus) black rings, the broader band on the head shaped in curve (S. m. macclellandi, S. m. iwasakii, S. m. univirgatus) or straight with irregular border (S. m. gorei,S. m. swinhoei), with a black vertebral stripe and the transverse bars restricted to the sides of the body or totally absent (S. m. univirgatus), having a pair black spots or one irregular spot between the black rings (Günther, 1858, 1964, 1968; Mell, 1929; Nakamura and Ueno, 1963; Orlov et al., 2003; Reinhardt, 1844; Shang et al., 2009; Shi et al., 2011; Smith, 1943; Stejneger, 1907; Wall, 1910, 1913, 1923; Zhao, 1998, 2004, 2006).
The above characters refer to S. kelloggi which has 15 scale rows on the body, ventrals 154–202, subcaudals 27–38, 1 + 2 temporals, 6/6 (S. kelloggi) or 7/7 (S. houi sp. nov.) infralabials, with black rings, the broader band on head shaped like “V” (S. kelloggi) or “ 八 ” (S. houi sp. nov.), without any black vertebral stripe or any spots which between the black rings (Günther, 1858, 1964, 1968; Mell, 1929; Orlov et al., 2003; Pope, 1928; Shi et al., 2011; Smith, 1943; Zhao, 1998, 2004, 2006).
The S. japonicus species group can be distinguished from the S. macclellandi group and S. kelloggi by a combination of characters: 13 (S. hatori, S. japonicus) or 15 (S. sauteri) scale rows on body, ventrals 196–269, subcaudals 28–31, 1 + 1 temporals, 6/6 (S. hatori, S. sauteri) or 7/7 (S. japonicus) infralabials. On the body they do not have rings (S. sauteri, S. j. takarai), have short whitish lateral band (S. hatori), only have black rings (S. j. japonicus) or have black rings with fresh white borders (S. j. boettger), the broader band on head is absent (S. japonicus) or there is a straight whitish band with irregular anterior border, with three (S. hatori, S. sauteri), five (S. j. japonicas [intermittently on lateral], S. j. boettgeri [completely]) or seven (S. j. takarai) black longitudinal stripes on the body (Nakamura and Ueno, 1963; Orlov et al., 2003; Shang et al., 2009; Steindachner, 1913; Stejneger, 1907; Takahashi, 1930; Zhao, 1998, 2004, 2006).
Sinomicrurus houi sp. nov. differs from S. kelloggi by the following characters: 1. dorsum of head with a narrow white broadwise band in the forefront of the head (covering almost all the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th supralabials, preoculars, and continuing through forefront prefrontals) and two symmetric white stripes appearing a Chinese symbol for the figure eight (“ 八 ”, from both sides of frontal to neck sides and gradually widening); 2. a longer head (HL/HW is 2.02–2.10 vs. 1.35–1.45); 3. a higher number of infralabials (7/7 vs. 6/6); 4. the fourth infralabial distinct larger than the fifth as opposed to almost equal; 5. a smaller number of bands on dorsal (16– 19 vs. 19–24); 6. a smaller number of spots on ventral side (34–42 vs. 43–55); 7. the ground color is scarlet as opposed to brownish red (Günther, 1858, 1964, 1968; Mell, 1929; Orlov et al., 2003; Pope, 1928; Shi et al., 2011; Smith, 1943; Zhao, 1998, 2004, 2006). 

Behavior (houi): nocturnal

Habitat (houi): terrestrial, in the forest floor of montane rain forest, usually hidden in deciduous or humic layers very close to streams or ditches.

Diet (houi): primarily small snakes and the juveniles of snakes which live in the same habitats, such as Indotyphlops braminus, Argyrophis diardii, Hebius popei and H. boulengeri etc., presumably they also prey on grass lizards and skinks, and may also feed on the sleeping juveniles of Acanthosaura lepidogaster and Pseduocalotes microlepis resting on the roots of bushwoods. In captivity, they catch actively and feed on juveniles of Dinodon rufozonatum (Figure 5), Xenochrophis flavipunctatus, Pantherophis guttatus and skinks).

NCBI taxonomy ID: 2719021 [houi] 
EtymologyNamed after Claude Rupert Kellogg (1886-1977), a zoologist, entomologist, and missionary who worked and collected in China (1911-1941).

S. houi is a patronym honoring Mian HOU (Sichuan Normal University, China), a modern herpetological enthusiast and naturalist. He has been contributing substantially to the taxonomy and life history of amphibians and reptiles for 20 years. He collected 3 of the 4 type specimens. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • DENG Xuejian; YE Yiyunl; YANG Daode 1998. TWO REPTILE RECORDS NEW TO HUNAN PROVINCE. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 17(2): 862 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Venomous snakes in Southern China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 22-29 - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Die Giftschlangen Südchinas. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 30-36 - get paper here
  • PENG, Lifang; Lijun WANG; Li DING; Yiwu ZHU; Jian LUO; Diancheng YANG; Ruyi HUANG; Shunqing LU; and Song HUANG 2018. A New Species of the Genus Sinomicrurus Slowinski, Boundy and Lawson, 2001 (Squamata: Elapidae) from Hainan Province, China. Asian Herpetological Research 9 (2): 65-73. [doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.170090] - get paper here
  • Pham AV, Ziegler T, Nguyen TQ 2020. New records and an updated checklist of snakes from Son La Province, Vietnam. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e52779 - get paper here
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1928. Seven new reptiles from Fukien Province, China. American Museum Novitates 320: 1-6. - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Yang, J.-H., X.-Y. Huang, J.-F. Ye, S.-P. Yang, X.-.C. Zhang & B.P.-L. Chan 2019. A report on the herpetofauna of Tengchong Section of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, China. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(11): 14434–14451 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator