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Sinomicrurus macclellandi (REINHARDT, 1844)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesSinomicrurus macclellandi macclellandi (REINHARDT 1844)
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii (MAKI 1935)
Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912
Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus (GÜNTHER 1858) 
Common NamesE: MacClelland’s Coral Snake
G: MacClellands Korallenotter 
SynonymElaps macclellandi REINHARDT 1844: 532
Elaps personatus BLYTH 1855 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis [sic] annularis GÜNTHER 1864: 349
Callophis macclellandii — ANDERSON 1871: 189
Callophis [sic] annularis — GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Calliophis macclellandii — STEJNEGER 1907: 391
Callophis maclellandii [sic] — WALL 1908: 780
Calliophis macclellandii var. gorei WALL 1909: 842
Callophis macclellandi (var. typica) — VENNING 1910: 775
Calliophis swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912
Callophis [sic] formosensis THOMPSON 1912
Callophis macclellandi — SMITH 1943: 423
Hemibungarus macclellandi — GOLAY et al. 1993
Micrurus macclellandi — WELCH 1994: 85
Calliophis macclellandi — COX et al. 1998: 32
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Hemibungarus macclellandii — GRUBER in SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE 2002
Hemibungarus macclellandii — ORLOV et al. 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — LEVITON et al. 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 676

Sinomicrurus macclellandii macclellandii (REINHARDT 1844)
Elaps macclellandii REINHARDT 1844
Micrurus macclellandi macclellandi — WELCH 1994: 85
Hemibungarus macclellandi macclellandi — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 209
Calliophis macclellandi macclellandi — MURTHY 2010

Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii (MAKI 1935)
Calliophis iwasakii MAKI 1935
Micrurus macclellandi iwasakii — WELCH 1994: 85
Calliophis macclellandi iwasakii — STANISZEWSKI 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii — GORIS & MAEDA 2004: 247
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii — SANG et al. 2009

Sinomicrurus macclellandii swinhoei (VAN DENBURGH 1912)
Calliophis swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912: 255
Micrurus macclellandi swinhoei — WELCH 1994: 87
Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei — SANG et al. 2009

Sinomicrurus macclellandii univirgatus (GÜNTHER 1858)
Elaps univirgatus GÜNTHER 1858: 231
Calliophis maclellandi univirgatus — KRAMER 1977
Micrurus macclellandi univirgatus — WELCH 1994: 87
Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling; Arunachal Pradesh [Deban – Changlang district, Chessa, Chimpu – Papum Pare district], A. Captain, pers. comm.), Nepal, Bangladesh,
N Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Vietnam,
China (incl. Hong Kong, Hainan, north to Gansu and Shaanxi), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan

iwasakii: Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki)

swinhoei: Taiwan

univirgatus: Nepal, India (Sikkim), 1000-2000 m elevation

Type locality: Assam, India Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: Unknown (fide LEVITON et al. 2003), ZMUC 65399 (H. V. Kristensen, pers. comm.)
Holotype: CAS 14978 [swinhoei]
Holotype: CAS 18864 [formosensis] 
CommentVenomous!

Conservation: Calliophis macclellandi iwasakii is classified as “near threatened” in Japan (Ota 2000).

Type species: Elaps macclellandii Reinhardt 1844 is the type species of the genus Sinomicrurus SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Funkelapidus Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Sinomicrurus.

DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS). Vertebral series of scales not enlarged; body scales in 13 parallel longitudinal rows; 1 preocular; 2 postoculars; 7 upper labials; temporals 1 + 1, the anterior shield in contact with 2 upper labials; color pattern red or brownish above with a series of narrow black transverse bars (some-times a narrow, black vertebral stripe with transverse black bars restricted to sides of body [Eastern Himalayas] or black transverse bars reduced to transverse vertebral spots [Assam, Upper Myanmar]) (fide Smith 1943:424); head black anteriorly reaching back to the level of the eyes, followed by a broad white band, which is bordered posteriorly by a black nuchal band; ventrals: males 182–212, females 208–244; subcaudals, mostly paired, occasionally a few single: males 28–36, females 25–33. Total length: males 635 mm, females 780 mm; tail length: males 70 mm, females 60 mm (from LEVITON et al. 2003). 
References
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