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Siphlophis cervinus (LAURENTI, 1768)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPanama Spotted Night Snake 
SynonymCoronella cervina LAURENTI 1768: 88
Coluber audax DAUDIN 1803: 345
Coluber (Natrix) Maximiliani MERREM 1820: 105
Lycodon audax — DE FILIPPI 1840: 183
Lycognathus scolopax DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 919 (nom. subst.)
Dipsas (Eudipsas) leucocephala — BOETTGER 1894: 119
Clelia euprepa GRIFFIN 1916: 203
Drepanodon attenuatus BARBOUR & NOBLE 1921: 619
Siphlophis cervinus cervinus — BEEBE 1946: 42
Siphlophis cervinus - HOGE 1964: 43
Siphlophis cervinus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 281
Siphlophis cervinus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Siphlophis cervinus — KORNACKER 1999: 134
Siphlophis cervinus — BOOS 2001 
DistributionC Bolivia, Brazil (Maranhao, Pará), Peru ?,
Panama [Villa et al.], Trinidad, French Guiana,
Colombia, Ecuador [Almendariz 1991], Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolivar) [Barrio et al. 1998].

Type locality: “America” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: based on specimen described and illustrated by Seba, 1735: 84, pl. 79, fig. 3. 
CommentSynonymy that of PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 and WALLACH (pers. comm.)

Distribution: DE FILIPPI 1840 mentions Lycodon audax from “Paraguay”, probably in error.

Type species: Coronella cervina LAURENTI 1768: 88 is the type species of the genus Siphlophis FITZINGER 1843.

Sheehy et al. 2014 provide an updated key to the species of Siphlophis. 
References
  • Alencar, Laura R. V.; Marília P. Gaiarsa, and Marcio Martins 2013. The Evolution of Diet and Microhabitat use in Pseudoboine Snakes. South American J. Herp. 8 (1): 60-66. - get paper here
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Barbour, Thomas & Noble, G. K. 1921. Amphibians and reptiles from southern Peru collected by the Peruvian expedition of 1914-1915 under the auspices of Yale University and the National Geographic Society. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 58 (2352): 609-620 [1920] - get paper here
  • Barrio,C.L.; Navarette, L.F.; Fuentes, O. & Mattei, R. 1998. Siphlophis cervinus (Serpentes: Colubridae) en Venezuela. Actal Biol. Venez. 18 (1): 49-53 - get paper here
  • Beebe, William 1946. Field notes on the snakes of Kartabo, British Guiana, and Caripito, Venezuela. Zoologica 31: 11-52
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boettger,O. 1894. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Bolivia. Zool. Anz. 17: 118-119 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Claessen, Hugo 2005. De slangen van de Guyana's. Deel VIII. Lacerta 63 (4): 136-151 - get paper here
  • Crumb, Brendon; Aleisa Duley, Patty Ruback, and Julie M. Ray 2015. Geographic range extension and comments on the snake Siphlophis cervinus Laurenti, 1768(Serpentes: Dipsadidae) in Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 579 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle Generale et Particuliere des Reptiles. Vol. 6. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Filippi, F. de 1840. Catalogo Raggionato e Descrittivo ... Serpenti del Museo dell’ I. R. Universitá de Pavia. Bibliot. Ital. 99: 163-187, 306-343
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Griffin,L.F. 1916. A catalog of the Ophidia from South America at present (June 1916) contained in the Carnegie Museum with descriptions of some new species. Mem. Carnegie Mus. 7 (3) [1915]: 163-228 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1964. Sur la position systematique de quelques serpents du genre Siphlophis FITZINGER 1843 (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 30: 35-50 [1960] - get paper here
  • Jenner, J. V.; Dowling, H. G. 1985. Taxonomy of American Xenodontine snakes: the tribe Pseudoboini. Herpetologica 41 (2): 161-172 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Nascimento F Paiva do; de Avila-Pires T C Sauer; da Cunha O Rodrigues 1987. Os repteis da area de Carajas, Para, Brasil (Squamata). 2. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA 3(1) 1987: 33-65
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos; Gleomar Fabiano Maschio, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente 2015. Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 69-98 - get paper here
  • Sheehy, Coleman M.; Mario H. Yánez-Muñoz, Jorge H. Valencia, and Eric N. Smith 2014. A New Species of Siphlophis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Xenodontinae) from the Eastern Andean Slopes of Ecuador. South American J. Herp. 9 (1): 30-45. - get paper here
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Zaher,H. & Prudente, L.C. 1999. Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis in Siphlophis and Tripanurgos. Journal of Herpetology 33 (4): 698-702 - get paper here
 
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