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Siphlophis pulcher (RADDI, 1820)

IUCN Red List - Siphlophis pulcher - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGuanabara Spotted Night Snake 
SynonymColuber pulcher RADDI 1820: 337
Lycognathus geminatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854
Oxyrhopus rhombeatus PETERS 1863: 288
Lycognathus rhombeatus — MÜLLER 1924: 87
Callopistria rubrovertebralis AMARAL 1936 (fide HOGE 1964)
Siphlophis cervinus rubrovertebralis — AMARAL 1977: 140
Siphlophis pulcher — BAUER et al. 1995: 73
Siphlophis pulcher — HAMDAN et al. 2012
Siphlophis pulcher — WALLACH et al. 2014: 679 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro)

Type locality: “vicinanze di Rio-Janeiro”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MRF (orig. IRMC) (G. Raddi). 
CommentSynonymy fide WALLACH et al. 2014: 679. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulcher” = beautiful, handsome, fine, fair. 
References
  • Alencar, Laura R. V.; Marília P. Gaiarsa, and Marcio Martins 2013. The Evolution of Diet and Microhabitat use in Pseudoboine Snakes. South American J. Herp. 8 (1): 60-66. - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1936. Contribuicao ao cohecimento dos ophidos do Brasil. VII. Novas generos e especies de Colubridoes opisthoglyphos. Mem. Inst. Butantan 9 (1935): 203-207 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. 1977. Serpentes do Brasil. Iconografía colorida. Tomo I, II y III. Ed. Melhoramentos & Inst. Nac. Livro, Edit. Univ. Sao Paulo, 248 pp.
  • Amaral,A. do 1933. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil VIII. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [10?]: 87-162 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Cruz Centeno, Fernanda da; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya & Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques 2008. Snake assemblage of Ilha de São Sebastião, southeastern Brazil: comparison to mainland. Biota Neotrop. 8(3): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1964. Sur la position systematique de quelques serpents du genre Siphlophis FITZINGER 1843 (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 30: 35-50 [1960] - get paper here
  • Klaczko, J; Sherratt E, Setz EZF 2016. Are Diet Preferences Associated to Skulls Shape Diversification in Xenodontine Snakes? PLoS ONE 11(2): e0148375. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148375 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1924. Ueber neue oder seltene Mittel- und Südamerikanische Amphibien und Reptilien. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 11 (1): 75-93 [1923]
  • Peters, W. 1863. Über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Schlangenarten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 272-289.
  • Raddi, G. 1820. Di alcune specie nuovi di rettili e piante brasiliana. Memorie di Matematica e di Fisica della Società Italiana delle Scienze residente in Modena 18: 313-343 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher,H. & Prudente, L.C. 1999. Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis in Siphlophis and Tripanurgos. Journal of Herpetology 33 (4): 698-702 - get paper here
 
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