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Sitana bahiri AMARASINGHE, INEICH & KARUNARATHNA, 2015

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Bahir’s Fan- throated Lizard
Sinhala (local): Bahirgë Theli Katussa
French: Sitane de Bahir 
SynonymSitana bahiri AMARASINGHE, INEICH & KARUNARATHNA in AMARASINGHE et al. 2015
Litana Ponticereana [sic] — KELAART (1854) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — SMITH (1935) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — TAYLOR (1957) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — WERMUTH (1967) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & LIYANAGE (1994) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — ERDELEN (1998) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — DAS & DE SILVA (2005) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — DE SILVA (2006) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA (2009) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana — MANTHEY (2010) [partim]
Sitana ponticeriana ponticeriana — DERANIYAGALA (1953) [partim]
Sitana ponticertiana [sic]—BAHIR & SURASINGHE (2005) [partim] 
DistributionSE Sri Lanka (drier coastal areas)

Type locality: Block 1, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (6°22′N, 81°31′E), elevation 5 m  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. WHT 1434A, Male, SVL 45.0 mm, collected by D. Gabadage, 27 May 1995.
Paratypes. Males, WHT 7377, WHT 0206C–D, respective SVL 40.5 mm, 50.0 mm, and 48.8 mm, collected at Bundala National Park, Sri Lanka (6o11′N, 81o16′E), alt. 5 m, by A. Silva & K. Maduwage, 19 August 2006; Male, WHT 0619, SVL 44.7 mm, collected at Weligatta-Bundala, Sri Lanka, by D. Gabadage, 27 May 1995; Male, ZMH R06344, SVL 43.3 mm, collected in S.E. Sri Lanka, gift from Nat. Mus. Basel, collector Sarasin, 13 December 1904; Females, WHT195A–B, respective SVL 46.8 mm and 46.9 mm, collected at Mahapelessa, Kirinda, Sri Lanka (6°23′N, 81°31′E), alt. 5 m, by D. Gabadage, 9 January 1993; Females, WHT 0206A–B, respective SVL 44.1 mm and 43.6 mm, collected at Bundala National Park, Sri Lanka, by D. Gabadage, 27 May 1995; Subadult male, WHT 1434B, SVL 32.9 mm, collected at Block 1, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (6°22′N, 81°31′E), alt. 5 m, by D. Gabadage, 27 May 1995; Subadult female, WHT 1434C, SVL 34.0 mm, collected at Block 1, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (6°22′N, 81°31′E), alt. 5 m, by D. Gabadage, 27 May 1995. 
CommentDiagnosis (adult males): Sitana bahiri sp. nov. differs from all congeners by having the following characters: S. devakai sp. nov. (see below): shorter throat-fan ADW 28.3–29.2% of AG (vs. long, ADW 29.9–32.5% of AG), midbody scale number 49–56 (vs. 57–59), ventral scale number 87–89 (vs. 100–108), abdominal scales bluntly pointed (vs. pointed), unequal and irregular lateral scales with intermediate enlarged scales (vs. equal and regular lateral scales with intermediate enlarged scales), breeding-males with bleached orange colour patch (vs. bright red colour patch); S. deccanensis: smaller SVL 40.0–50.0 mm (vs. large SVL, above 60.0 mm), longer snout ES 54.7–57.4% of HW (vs. shorter, ES 53.1–53.4% of HW), shorter throat-fan ADW 28.3–29.2% of AG (vs. longer, ADW 50.3–60.2% of AG), shorter femur FEL 70.6–75.3% of TBL (vs. longer, FEL 79.7–82.9% of TBL), longer foot FOL 158.9–159.8 of HL (vs. shorter, FOL 131.9–144.6% of HL), supralabial number 7–8 (vs. 12), midbody scale number 49–56 (vs. 66–70), subdigital lamellae number on toe III 14–17 (vs. 13), subdigital lamellae number on toe IV 23–26 (vs. 19–23), enlarged scales above the tympanum present (vs. absent), unequal and irregular lateral scales with intermediate enlarged scales (vs. equal and regular lateral scales without enlarged scales), breeding-males with bleached orange colour patch (vs. bright red patch extending to vent), a single pale stripe from snout up to the shoulder (vs. 3–4 bright stripes from snout and behind the eye up to the shoulders); S. ponticeriana: snout shorter ES 54.7–57.4% of HW (vs. longer, ES 61.5–68.1% of HW), throat- fan shorter ADW 28.3–29.2% of AG (vs. longer, ADW 31.1–54.7% of AG), femur shorter FEL 70.6–75.3% of TBL (vs. longer, FEL 80.0–84.8% of TBL), number of ventral scales 87–89 (vs. 65–69), breeding-males with bleached orange colour patch (vs. bright red colour patch); Sitana sivalensis complex: throat-fan extending up to the chest (vs. not extending to the level of the axilla), foot longer FOL 158.9–159.8 of HL (vs. shorter, FOL 120.0–144.3% of HL).

Habitat: open scrub jungles on dusty or sandy ground 
EtymologyEtymology. The species epithet is an eponym Latinised in the genitive singular, honouring Mohomed Mujythaba Bahir for his generous friendship, and remarkable contributions to Sri Lankan herpetology, carcinology and biodiversity conservation. Currently he spends his valuable time promoting science, biodiversity and conservation to the general public, especially the younger generation. 
References
  • AMARASINGHE, A. A. THASUN; IVAN INEICH, D. M. S. SURANJAN KARUNARATHNA,<br />W. MADHAVA S. BOTEJUE & PATRICK D. CAMPBELL 2015. Two new species of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Sri Lanka, including a taxonomic revision of the Indian Sitana species. Zootaxa 3915 (1): 067–098 - get paper here
  • DEEPAK, V.; AKSHAY KHANDEKAR, SANDEEP VARMA, R. CHAITANYA 2016. Description of a new species of Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from southern India. Zootaxa 4139 (2): 167–182 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2016. Liste der im Jahr 2015 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
 
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