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Sphaerodactylus argus GOSSE, 1850

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus argus andresensis DUNN & SAXE 1950
Sphaerodactylus argus argus GOSSE 1850 
Common NamesE: West Caribbean Ocellated Geckolet, Ocellated Gecko
S: Geco Ocelado 
SynonymSphaerodactylus Argus GOSSE 1850: 347
Sphaerodactylus argus — BOULENGER 1885: 223
Sphaerodactylus henriquesi [GRANT 1940]
Sphaerodactylus argus — HARRIS & KLUGE 1984: 45
Sphaerodactylus argus argus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 87
Sphaerodactylus argus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 466
Sphaerodactylus argus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus argus — LINER 1994
Sphaerodactylus argus — KÖHLER 2000: 51
Sphaerodactylus argus — MCNISH 2011

Sphaerodactylus argus andresensis DUNN & SAXE 1950
Sphaerodactylus argus andresensis DUNN & SAXE 1950: 148
Sphaerodactylus argus andresensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 168 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida)
Antilles, San Andres Island (Colombia), Jamaica, Cuba, Bahamas (introduced to Biminis and Nassau), Isla Grande de Maiz, Mexico (introduced to Yucatan), Nicaragua (introduced; Corn Island), Costa Rica ?, Panama

andresensis: San Andres; Type locality: San Andros.

Type locality: Jamaica.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH, BMNH47.12.24.59.
Holotype: ANSP 25912 [andresensis]
Holotype: MCZ 44971 [henriquesi] 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour, 1921; Thomas, 1975. Not listed for Costa Rica by KÖHLER (2000).

Distribution: Known as introduced near the border of Costa Rica in Bocas del Tora, Panamá, but not yet collected in Costa Rica (Savage 2002, Harris & Kluge 1984). 
EtymologyNamed after the mythological Greek giant Argus who had many eyes (some accounts say 100). The reptiles named after him are adorned with ocelli (eyelike spots). 
  • Barbour, T. 1910. Notes on the herpetology of Jamaica. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52: 273—301 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard) 47: 215-282. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Borroto-Páez, Rafael; Roberto Alonso Bosch, Boris A. Fabres, and Osmany Alvarez García 2015. Introduced Amphibians and Reptiles in the Cuban Archipelago. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Dunn, E. R., and L. H. Saxe. 1950. Results of the Catherwood-Chaplin West Indies Expedition, 1948. Part. 5. Amphibians and reptiles of San Andrés and Providencia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 102:141-165 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Gosse, P. 1850. Description of a new genus and six new species of saurian reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 6: 344-348. - get paper here
  • Grant C. 1940. Notes on the reptiles and amphibians of Jamaica, with diagnoses of new species and subspecies. In: Jamaica Today. Hazell, Watson, and Viney, London and Aylesbury, p.151-157.
  • Harris D M; Kluge A G 1984. The Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of Middle America. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan (No. 706): 1-59
  • Klarsfeld, Jonathan D. 1997. Observations of a wild population of Oceelated Geckos, Sphaerodactylus argus. Vivarium 8 (3): 32-34
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McNish, T. 2011. La fauna del archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Colombia, Sudamérica. Colomba Andina de Impresos, ISBN 978-958-99518-1-1
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Cabrera, Tomás M.; Alejandro M. Rodríguez González, and Javier Torres 2018. Herpetofauna of Cayo Carenas, Cienfuegos Bay, south-central Cuba. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (1): 13–19 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Smith, H. M. 1963. Sphaerodactylus argus continentalis Werner, 1896 (Reptilia: Lacertilia): request for a ruling on interpretation. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 20 (5): 367-369 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1975. The argus group of West Indian Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 31: 177-195. - get paper here
  • Torres, Javier, Ruben Marrero and Tomás M. Rodríguez-Cabrera. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Sphaerodactylus argus (Jamaican Stippled Sphaero). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 82 - get paper here
  • Valdivieso, D. & J.R. Tamsitt 1963. A Check List and Key to the Amphibian and Reptiles of Providencia and San Andres. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (2/3): 77-79 - get paper here
  • Wilson, B.S. & Vogel, P. 2000. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica, including the rediscovery of the Blue-tailed Galliwasp (Celestus duquesneyi Grant). Carib. J. Sci. 36: 244-249
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