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Sphaerodactylus copei STEINDACHNER, 1867

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus copei astreptus SCHWARTZ 1975
Sphaerodactylus copei cataplexis SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1965
Sphaerodactylus copei copei STEINDACHNER 1867
Sphaerodactylus copei deuterus SCHWARTZ 1975
Sphaerodactylus copei enochrus SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1965
Sphaerodactylus copei pelates SCHWARTZ 1975
Sphaerodactylus copei picturatus GARMAN 1887
Sphaerodactylus copei polyommatus THOMAS 1968
Sphaerodactylus copei websteri SCHWARTZ 1975 
Common NamesCope's Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus copei STEINDACHNER 1867:18
Sphaerodactylus anthracinus COPE 1862: 500
Sphaerodactylus copii — BOULENGER 1885: 225
Sphaerodactylus anthracinus — BOULENGER 1885: 225
Sphaerodactylus asper GARMAN 1888
Sphaerodactylus copii — GÜNTHER 1888: 363
Sphaerodactylus copei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 480
Sphaerodactylus copei — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus copei — RÖSLER 2000: 111 
DistributionHaiti, Ile a Vache, Andros Island (introduced), New Providence Island (introduced), Dominican Republic, Hispaniola, Ile de la Gonave,
Bahamas

copei: Haiti, from Valîcé de Trouin in west to Fond Parisien in east, and onto southern slopes of Montagnes du Trou-d'Eau and northern slopes of Morne l'Hôpital; specimens from "Miragoâne" and Fond des Nègres questionably associated with this subspecies. Altitudinal distribution below sea level to about 3000 ft.; Type locality: Unknown; restricted by Schwartz and Thomas, 1965, to the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

astreptus: Haiti, vicinity of Miragoâne and Paillant south to Dimisaine, Dépt. du Sud. Altitudinal distribution sea level to 500 ft.

cataplexis: Haiti, southwestern Tiburon Peninsula and southern slopes of Massif de la Hotte; Île-à-Vache; introduced on New Providence I., Bahama Is., and perhaps on Andros I.; intergrades with S. c. pelates in vicinity of Cavaillon. Altitudinal distribution sea level to about 3000 ft.

deuterus: Île de la Gonâve.

enochrus: Haiti, southeastern coast and onto southern slopes of Massif de la Selle; not known to intergrade with S. c. copei. Altitudinal distribution sea level to about 2600 ft.

pelates: Haiti, south-central coast and adjacent uplands of Tiburon Peninsula. Altitudinal

picturatus: Haiti, northern coast of distai Tiburon Peninsula. Altitudinal distribution apparently near sea level.

polyommatus: Île Grande Cayemite.

websteri: Haiti, extreme southwestern tip of Tiburon Peninsula.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Specimens from Virgile, Anse-à-Veau, St.-Michel du Sud, PetiteGoâve, and Pierre Payen are unassigned subspecifically. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMW 14761
Holotype: ANSP 7558 [anthracinus]
Holotype: USNM 194029 [astreptus]
Holotype: MCZ 77161 [cataplexis]
Holotype: CM 56782 [deuterus]
Holotype: MCZ 65128 [enochrus]
Holotype: USNM 194030 [pelates]
Holotype: MCZ 3341-42 [picturatus]
Holotype: MCZ 92036 [polyommatus]
Holotype: MCZ 126088 [websteri] 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour, 1921; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz and Thomas, 1965; Thomas, 1968. 
EtymologyNamed after Edward Drinker Cope (1840-1897), American herpetologist. 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard) 47: 215-282. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. On the genera Panolopus, Centropyx, Aristelliger and Sphaerodactylus. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadrelphia 13 [1861]: 494-500. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian Geckonidae and Anguide. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 17-24.
  • Garman, S. 1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and from the Bahamas. Collected by Prof. C. J. Maynard for the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 101-113
  • Günther,A. 1888. Notes on reptiles and frogs from Dominica, West Indies. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 362-366 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB. 2010. Sphaerodactylus copei (Haitian Big-scaled Sphaero). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 8: 1 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. 1975. New subspecies of Sphaerodactylus copei Steindachner (Sauria, Gekkonidae) from Hispaniola. Herpetologica 31: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A., and R. Thomas. 1965. Subspeciation in Sphaerodactylus copei. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences, 27 [1964]:316-332
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1947. A review of the Mexican forms of the lizard genus Sphaerodactylus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (14): 299-309 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1968. Notes on Antillean geckos (Sphaerodactylus). Herpetologica 24: 46-60 - get paper here
 
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