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Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi (GRANT 1959)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus GARMAN 1888
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda BARBOUR 1904
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus nigropunctatus GRAY 1845
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal (THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi SCHWARTZ 1972
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966 
Common NamesBlack-spotted Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus nigropunctatus GRAY 1845:168
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — BOULENGER 1885: 220
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 512

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi (GRANT 1959)
Sphaerodactylus alayoi GRANT 1959
Sphaerodactylus alayoi — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus GARMAN 1888
Sphaerodactylus decoratus GARMAN 1888: 112
Sphaerodactylus decoratus BARBOUR 1904: 57
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda BARBOUR 1904
Sphaerodactylus flavicaudus BARBOUR 1904: 56
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal (THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966)
Sphaerodactylus torrei ocujal THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi SCHWARTZ 1972
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514 
DistributionBahamas (Rum Key), Andros Island, Bimini Islands, Berry Islands, Cuba, Exuma Cays, Bahamas, Antilles, Eleuthera

nigropunctatus: Bahama Is.: eastern Great Bahama Bank; Type locality: South America; restricted by Thomas and Schwartz, 1974, to Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahama Islands.

alayoi: Cuba, bower southern slopes of Sierra del Guaso, eastern Cuenca de Guantánamo, southeast of Bahia de Guantânamo.

decoratus: Bahama Is.: Rum Cay.

flavicauda: Bahama Is.: western Great Bahama Bank; Cay Sal Bank.

gibbus: Bahama Is.: Exuma Cays, Long I., Littie San Salvador I.; Green Cay; intergrades with S. n. nigropunctatus on northernmost Exuma Cays.

granti: Cuba, Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagùey, Cayos bs Ballenatos; northeastern Camagüey Province to Holguin and Guantánamo provinces and to northeast Granma Province, and to southern Guantánamo Province; intergrades with S. n. strategus near city of Guantánamo and further south.

lissodesmus: Cuba, Sierra de Cubitas.

ocujal: Cuba, southeastern coast.

porrasi: Bahama Is.: Ragged Is.

strategus: Cuba, southeastern coast.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from southern Eleuthera I., Cat I., northern Long I. is unassigned subspecifically. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.24.81.
Holotype: UIMNH 44215 [alayoi]
Holotype: MCZ 6220 [decoratus]
Holotype: MCZ 13436 [gibbus]
Holotype: BYU 17233 [granti]
Syntypes: CAS 39337, MCZ 6953, MCZ 13564, MCZ 8485-95, UMMZ 107614 [flavicauda]
Holotype: MCZ 57344 [lissodesmus]
Holotype: USNM 138015 [ocujal]
Holotype: CM 54051 [porrasi]
Holotype: MCZ 81110 [strategus] 
CommentSubspecies: Schwartz & Garrido (1985) downgraded S. alayoi to S. nigropunctatus alayoi. RÖSLER (1995: 173) shows two color plates of “Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus cf. granti”. RÖSLER 2000 doesn’t list atessares as subspecies. Sphaerodactylus gibbus was synonymized with S. torrei by GRANT 1956. 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard) 47: 215-282. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1933. A lizard from Cuba. Copeia 1933 (4): 221 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Fong, A. & Diaz 2004. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the southeastern coast of Cuba. Solenodon 4: 73-84
  • Franz, Richard;Dodd, C. Kenneth, Jr 1994. Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus (Exuma Islands black-spotted ground gecko). Bahamas: Great Bahama Bank. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and from the Bahamas. Collected by Prof. C. J. Maynard for the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 101-113
  • Grant, C. 1959. A new Sphaerodactylus from Guantanamo, Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (1): 49-53 - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1957. The status of Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus, a Neotropical gecko. Natural History Miscellanea (158): 1-4
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. 1972. A new subspecies of Sphaerodactylus decoratus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) from the Bahama Islands. Herpetologica 28: 247-251 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1974. A new Cuban species of Sphaerodactylus (Gekkonidae) of the nigropunctatus complex. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 87: 337-343. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1985. The Cuban lizards of the genus Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Milwaukee Public Mus. Contrib. Biol. Geol. 62: 1-67.
  • Thomas, R., and A. Schwartz. 1966. The Sphaerodactylus decoratus complex in the West Indies. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, 7:1-26
 
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