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Sphenomorphus simus (SAUVAGE, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus simus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) sima SAUVAGE 1879: 54
Lygosoma totocarinatum VOGT 1932: 286
Otosaurus simum — SMITH 1937: 218
Lygosoma sinus [sic] — GIBSON-HILL 1940
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) variegatus stickeli LOVERIDGE 1948
Sphenomorphus melanopleurus INGER 1958
Sphenomorphus stickeli melanopleurus — INGER 1961
Sphenomorphus totocarinatus — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus simus — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus stickeli — MYS 1988: 146
Sphenomorphus stickeli — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Sphenomorphus simus — WHITING et al. 2003 
DistributionIndonesia (Misool, Irian Jaya, Yapen and Numfoor), Papua New Guinea

Type locality: L'ile Mafor, Nouvelle Guinee

stickeli: Papua New Guinea, New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Bismarck Archipelago Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 5266, 5266a-d; the latter four now 1996.1114-17
Lectotype: MNHN 1996.1114 (designated by SHEA & GREER 1999)
Holotype: ZMB 25768; Deutsch-Neu-Guinea [totocarinatum] 
CommentSynonymy partly after SHEA & GREER 1999. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Gibson-Hill, C.A. 1947. The terrestrial reptiles [of the Christmas Islands]. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 18: 81-86
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. 1958. Three new skinks related to Sphenomorphus variegatus (PETERS). Fieldiana: Zoology 39 (24): 257-268. - get paper here
  • Inger,R.F. 1961. Notes on two New Guinean lizards of the genus Sphenomorphus. Fieldiana: Zoology 39: 539-542 - get paper here
  • Iskandar D. 1994. New scincid lizard of the genus Sphenomorphus (Reptilia, Scincidae), from Java [S. puncticentralis]. Treubia 31 (1): 25-30. - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Read, John L. 1998. Reptiles and amphibians of the Kau Wildlife Area near Madang: a valuable conservation resource. Science in New Guinea 23 (3): 145-152
  • Sauvage,A. E. 1879. Notice sur quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus de la Nouvelle-Guinee. [Elania annulata]. Bull. Soc. philom. Paris (7) 3: 47-61 - get paper here
  • Shea,G. & Greer,A. 1999. Two senior synonyms and a name change for the New Guinea Skink Sphenomorphus stickeli (LOVERIDGE 1948). Journal of Herpetology 33 (1): 136-141 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Vogt,T. 1932. Beitrag zur Reptilienfauna der ehemaligen Kolonie Deutsch-Neuguinea. Sitzungsber. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 5-7: 281-294
  • Whitaker,R.; Whitaker,Z. & Mills,D. 1982. Reptiles of Papua New Guinea. Wildlife in New Guinea (82/2): 1-53
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
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