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Spondylurus lineolatus (NOBLE, 1933)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHispaniolan Ten-lined Skink, Lined Mabuya 
SynonymMabuya lineolata NOBLE & HASSLER 1933:16
Mabuya lineolata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 455
Mabuya lineolata — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Spondylurus lineolatus — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 164 
DistributionHispaniola (N Haiti, N Dominican Republic)

Type locality: Monte Cristi, Monte Cristi Province, República Dominicana.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 42145, female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Spondylurus lineolatus is characterized by (1) maximum SVL in males, not available; (2) maximum SVL in females, 63.7 mm; (3) snout width, 1.97–2.34% SVL; (4) head length, 12.9–14.4% SVL; (5) head width, 9.58–11.6% SVL; (6) ear length, 1.18–1.69% SVL; (7) toe-IV length, 7.23–9.16% SVL; (8) prefrontals, two; (9) supraoculars, four; (10) supraciliaries, three (63%), four (38%); (11) frontoparietals, two; (12) supralabial below the eye, four (11%), five (89%); (13) nuchal rows, one (44%), two (56%); (14) dorsals, 57–67; (15) ventrals, 59–67; (16) dorsals + ventrals, 116–134; (17) midbody scale rows, 26–28; (18) finger-IV lamellae, 8–11; (19) toe-IV lamellae, 11–16; (20) finger-IV + toe-IV lamellae, 21–26; (21) supranasal contact, Y (44%), N (56%); (22) prefrontal contact, Y (11%), N (89%); (23) supraocular-1/frontal contact, Y (11%), N (89%); (24) parietal contact, Y; (25) pale middorsal stripe, Y; (26) dark dorsolateral stripe, Y; (27) dark lateral stripe, Y; (28) pale lateral stripe, Y; and (29) palms and soles, dark (Tables 3–5).
Spondylurus lineolatus differs from all other species in the Genus Spondylurus by having a smaller head (head length 12.9–14.4% SVL versus 15.0–21.6% SVL in other species) and by having 10 dark dorsal stripes (versus 2– 6 stripes) [HEDGES & CONN 2012]. 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941 and HEDGES & CONN 2012.

Similar speces: Ameiva lineolata. 
EtymologyNot provided in the original description. However, the species name (lineolatus) is a feminine singular adjective derived from the Latin linea (line), hence lined, referring accurately to the lineate dorsal pattern of this species. 
References
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Miralles, Aurélien 2006. A new species of Mabuya (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae) from the Caribbean Island of San Andrés, with a new interpretation of nuchal scales: a character of taxonomic importance. The Herpetological Journal 16 (1):1-7.
  • Noble, G. K. and W. G. Hassler 1933. Two new species of frogs, five new species and a new race of lizards from the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 652: 1-17. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
 
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