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Staurotypus triporcatus (WIEGMANN, 1828)

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae, Staurotypinae, Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMexican Giant Musk Turtle 
SynonymTerrapene triporcata WIEGMANN 1828
Staurotypus triporcatus — WAGLER 1830
Staurotypus Triporcatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 356
Staurotypus triporcatus — GRAY 1864: 451
Claudius pictus COPE 1872: 26
Staurotypus triporcatus — GÜNTHER 1885: 11
Staurotypus triporcatus — BOULENGER 1889
Staurotypus triporcatus — LINER 1994
Staurotypus triporcatus — KÖHLER 2000: 28
Staurotypus triporcatus — RHODIN et al. 2010
Staurotypus triporcatus — MCCRANIE 2018 
DistributionMexico (Gulf and Caribbean drainages of C/S Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Tabasco, Chiapas, Campeche, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo), Belize, NE Guatemala, W Honduras

Type locality: "Rio Alvarado," Veracruz, Mexico.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 127. 
Diagnosis 
CommentType species: Terrapene triporcata WIEGMANN 1828 is the type species of the genus Staurotypus WAGLER 1830: 137.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, quiet rivers)

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico), fide Gonzalez-Sanchez et al. 2017. 
EtymologyThe name Staurotypus is derived from the Greek words stauros (cross) and typos (figure, impression, model, shape). The name alludes to the slightly cruciform and relatively small plastron (Wagler, 1830).

The name triporcatus is formed from the Latin tri (thrice), porca (ridge between two furrows), and -atus (provided with, having the nature of, pertaining to). The name alludes to 3 high ridges on the carapace of this species (McCranie 2018: 501). 
References
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
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  • Buskirk, James R. 1997. New locality records for freshwater turtles from the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico [Kinosternon creaseri; Staurotypus triporcatus; Rhinoclemmys areolata]. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (3): 415-416
  • Calderon, R.; Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R. & Pozo, C. 2003. New distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from Campeche, Mexico. Herpetological Review 34 (3): 269-272 - get paper here
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  • Casteñeda, Franklin E., James R. McCranie and Luis A. Herrera. 2013. Staurotypus triporcatus (giant musk turtle, guao do tres filas) predation. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 309
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