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Stegonotus batjanensis (GÜNTHER, 1865)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesBatjan Frog-eating Snake 
SynonymLeptophis batjanensis BLEEKER 1857:473 (nomen nudum)
Coluber (Lielaphis) batjanensis GÜNTHER 1865: 93
Stegonotus batjanensis — BOULENGER 1893: 368
Stegonotus batjanensis — BRONGERSMA 1948: 309
Stegonotus batjanensis — HOW AND KITCHENER 1997
Stegonotus batjanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 685
Stegonotus batjanensis — KAISER et al. 2018: 23 
DistributionIndonesia (Ambon, Halmahera,Morotai, Batjan = Bacan, Batanta, Salawati, N Maluku islands)

Type locality: Batjan [= Bacan Island, North Maluku Province, Indonesia].  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.36 (formerly, an adult male. 
DiagnosisComparison: For a comprehensive comparison of species, especially to the new species Stegonotus ayamaru, see that entry and Kaiser et al. 2019. 
EtymologyThe species was named for Batjan (now Bacan) Island, where the holotype was collected. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1948. Frogs and snakes from the island of Morotai (Moluccas).
  • Günther, A. 1865. Fourth account of new Species of Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 89-98. - get paper here
  • How, R. A.; Kitchner, D. J. 1997. Biogeography of Indonesian snakes. Journal of Biogeography 24 (725-735):
  • Kaiser, Christine M.; Hinrich Kaiser & Mark O'Shea 2018. The taxonomic history of Indo-Papuan groundsnakes, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Colubridae), with some taxonomic revisions and the designation of a neotype for S. parvus (Meyer, 1874) Zootaxa 4512 (1): 001–073
  • KAISER, CHRISTINE M.; MARK O’SHEA, HINRICH KAISER 2019. A new species of Indo-Papuan groundsnake, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Serpentes, Colubridae), from the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, with comments on differentiating morphological characters Zootaxa 4590 (2): 201-230 - get paper here
  • McKay, Lindley and Olga Milenkaya. 2016. Stegonotus batjanensis (Northern Moluccan Ground Snake) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 316-317 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Setiadi, M. I. & A. Hamidy, 2006. Jenis-Jenis Herpetofauna di Pulau Halmahera. Kerjasama antara Pusat Studi Biodiversitas dan Konservasi Universitas Indonesia dan Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Puslit Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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