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Stegonotus diehli LINDHOLM, 1905

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDiehl’s little ground snake 
SynonymStegonotus diehli LINDHOLM 1905
Stegonotus dorsalis WERNER 1924: 32
Stegonotus diehli — O’SHEA 1996
Stegonotus adelynhoserae HOSER 2012
Stegonotus diehli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 685
Stegonotus diehli — KAISER et al. 2018: 45
Stegonotus dorsalis — KAISER et al. 2018: 48 (status unclear) 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Madang Province)

Type locality: Bogadjim, Madang Province [= Bogadjim, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, ca. 5.45°S, 145.75°E]

dorsalis: from Monumbo  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MWNH 1244 (Wiesbaden, Germany)
Holotype: NMW 14861, an adult male, from near Bogia, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea fide Kaiser et al. 2018. Collected by Rudolf Pöch between 28 July and 25 November 1904 [dorsalis] 
DiagnosisComparison: For a comprehensive comparison of species, especially to the new species Stegonotus ayamaru, see that entry and Kaiser et al. 2019. 
CommentKnown from only a single specimen.

Synonymy: Stegonotus dorsalis is listed as synonym of S. diehli by Wallach et al. 2014. Kaiser et al. 2018 resurrected Stegonotus dorsalis as valid species. However, given that it is only known from a single specimen of uncertain origin, we leave it in the synonymy of S. diehli for the time being. 
EtymologyNamed in honor of the German protestant missionary Wilhelm Diehl (1874-1940), who sent the specimens from New Guinea to Wiesbaden. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Clegg, Jonathan R. and Merlijn Jocque 2015. The Collection of Snakes Made by Benoît Mys and Jan Swerts in Northern Papua New Guinea in 1982–85 Journal of Herpetology 50 (3): 476-485 [2016] - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Three new species of Stegonotus from New Guinea (Serpentes: Colubridae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 12:18–22. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, Christine M.; Hinrich Kaiser & Mark O'Shea 2018. The taxonomic history of Indo-Papuan groundsnakes, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Colubridae), with some taxonomic revisions and the designation of a neotype for S. parvus (Meyer, 1874) Zootaxa 4512 (1): 001–073
  • KAISER, CHRISTINE M.; MARK O’SHEA, HINRICH KAISER 2019. A new species of Indo-Papuan groundsnake, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Serpentes, Colubridae), from the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, with comments on differentiating morphological characters Zootaxa 4590 (2): 201-230 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Köhler, J. & Güsten, R. 2007. Herpetological type specimens in the natural history collections of the museums in Darmstadt and Wiesbaden, Germany. Spixiana 30 (2): 275-288 - get paper here
  • Lindholm W.A. 1905. Ueber einige Eidechsen und Schlangen aus Deutsch-Neuguinea. Jahrb. nassau. Ver. lviii: 227-240 - get paper here
  • McDowell, Samuel B. 1972. The species of Stegonotus (Serpentes, Colubridae) in Papua, New Guinea. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 6-26 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Read, John L. 1998. Reptiles and amphibians of the Kau Wildlife Area near Madang: a valuable conservation resource. Science in New Guinea 23 (3): 145-152
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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