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Stegonotus modestus (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesNorthern New Guinea ground snake 
SynonymLycodon modestus SCHLEGEL 1837: 119
Lycodon modestum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 379
Lycodon lividum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 381
Ablabes greineri BLEEKER 1860
Coronella Rosenbergii BLEEKER 1860: 37
Coluber holochrous GÜNTHER 1863: 59
Lycodon aruensis DORIA 1874: 352
Lycodon modestus — BOULENGER 1893: 366
Stegonotus modestus — WERNER 1899
Stegonotus modestus — MCDOWELL 1972
Stegonotus modestus — O’SHEA 1996
Stegonotus lenhoseri HOSER 2012
Stegonotus modestus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 686 
DistributionIndonesia (Semau, Kai Islands, Ceram = Seram, Nusa Laut, Ambon, Buru, Halmahera, Ternate, Salawati, Aru Islands, Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea

Type locality: Ambon, Indonesia

rosenbergii: Indonesia (Ceram); Type locality: “Paulohi,” Seram Island, Maluku Province, Indonesia

holochrous: Indonesia (Ceram); Type locality: “North Ceram,” Seram Island, Maluku Province, Indonesia.

Lycodon aruensis: Type locality: Wokan, Aru Island  
TypesHolotype: RMNH 324
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.40 [holochrous] 
CommentSynonymy: partly after H. Kaiser (pers. comm., 26 Nov 2014)

Behavior: nocturnal 
  • Bleeker, P. 1860. Over de Reptiliën-Fauna van Amboina. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 22: 39-43 - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1860. Over de reptilïen-fauna van van [sic] Ceram. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 22: 35–38. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Clegg, Jonathan R. and Merlijn Jocque 2015. The Collection of Snakes Made by Benoît Mys and Jan Swerts in Northern Papua New Guinea in 1982–85 Journal of Herpetology Sep 2016, Vol. 50, No. 3: 476-485. - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1863. Contribution to the herpetology of Ceram. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 397-399 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Three new species of Stegonotus from New Guinea (Serpentes: Colubridae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 12:18–22. - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1911. Reptilien (Schlangen). Nova Guinea. Résultats de l’expedition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle Guinée en 1907 sous les auspices de Dr. H.A. Lorenz 9. Leiden (E. J. Brill), pp. 265-287
  • Longman, H.A. 1913. Herpetological Notes. Part I. Systematic. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum Brisbane, 2: 39-45
  • McDowell, Samuel B. 1972. The species of Stegonotus (Serpentes, Colubridae) in Papua, New Guinea. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 6-26 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
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