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Stegonotus sutteri FORCART, 1953

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSumba Ground Snake 
SynonymStegonotus sutteri FORCART 1953
Stegonotus florensis — FORCART 1954
Stegonotus sutteri — KAISER et al. 2018: 46 
DistributionIndonesia (East Nusa Tenggara Province, Sumba Island)

Type locality: “Zentralsumba, Lindiwatju 430 m” [central Sumba Island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, ca. 9.6556°S, 119.78°E.].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. NMBA 14872, an adult male. Collected on 30 September 1949 during the Sumba Expedition conducted by the Museum for Anthropology and the Natural History Museum in Basel. 
DiagnosisComparison: For a comprehensive comparison of species, especially to the new species Stegonotus ayamaru, see that entry and Kaiser et al. 2019. 
CommentSynonymy: Forcart (1953) considered his new species to be most closely related to Stegonotus plumbeus (Macleay, 1884). Only a year after its description, he then placed it into the synonymy of S. florensis (Forcart 1954). It appears that he was prompted to rethink his description and to revise his assessment of the species. Kaiser et al. 2018 revalidated S. sutteri, based on 3 specimens (the holotype and 2 specimens in WAM). 
EtymologyNamed after Swiss ornithologist Ernst Sutter (1914–1999), a participant in the 1949 expedition to Sumba by the Museum for Anthropology and the Natural History Museum in Basel. 
References
  • Forcart, L. 1954. Die Taxonomie von Lycodon florensis Rooij und Stegonotus sutteri Forcart (Ophidia, Colubridae). Verh Naturf Ges Basel 65 (1): 7-8.
  • Forcart,L. 1953. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von Sumba, ihre zoogeographischen Beziehungen und Revision der Unterarten von Typhlops polygrammicus. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel, 64: 356-388
  • Kaiser, Christine M.; Hinrich Kaiser & Mark O'Shea 2018. The taxonomic history of Indo-Papuan groundsnakes, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Colubridae), with some taxonomic revisions and the designation of a neotype for S. parvus (Meyer, 1874) Zootaxa 4512 (1): 001–073
  • KAISER, CHRISTINE M.; MARK O’SHEA, HINRICH KAISER 2019. A new species of Indo-Papuan groundsnake, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Serpentes, Colubridae), from the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, with comments on differentiating morphological characters Zootaxa 4590 (2): 201-230 - get paper here
 
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