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Stenocercus modestus (TSCHUDI, 1845)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesModest Whorltail Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus (Sauridis) modestus TSCHUDI 1845: 157
Proctotretus modestus PHILIPPI 1860
Stenocercus moestus BOULENGER 1885: 136
Liolaemus modestus — ROUX 1907: 297
Liolaemus modestus — PETERS et al. 1970: 185
Stenocercus modestus — LAURENT 1984
Stenocercus moestus — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2004 (in error)
Stenocercus modestus — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007 
DistributionWC Peru

Type locality: “Wüste und Gebirge der Provinz Santiago”, “Miraflores, Peru” fide TORRES-CARVAJAL (pers. comm.).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 75.2.13.3 
DiagnosisDiagnosis in TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007. 
CommentStatus unclear fide ORTIZ and NÚÑEZ 1986. BOULENGER (1885) considered Proctotretus modestus PHILIPPI 1860 as a synonym of Liolaemus chiliensis (LESSON 1830). MÜLLER and HELLMICH (1933) considered it as a synonym of Liolaemus altissimus. 
Etymology 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction?. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77
  • Laurent,R.F. 1984. On some iguanid genera related to or previously confused with Liolaemus WIEGMANN. Journal of Herpetology 18 (4): 357-373 - get paper here
  • Ortiz, J. C.; Nunez, H. 1986. Catalogo critico de los tipos de reptiles conservados en el museo nacional de historia natural Santiago, Chile. Publicacion Ocasional de Museo Nacional de Historia Natural 43: 1-23
  • Roux,J. 1907. Revision de quelques espèces de reptiles et amphibiens du Péru’ descrites par Tschudi en 1844-1846. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 15: 293-303 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2004. The abdominal skeleton of Tropidurid lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Herpetologica 60 (1): 75-83 - get paper here
  • Tschudi,J. J. von 1845. Reptilium conspectum quae in republica Peruana reperiuntur er pleraque observata vel collecta sunt in itenere. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11 (1): 150-170 [reprint 1968, SSAR; sometimes cited as being published in 1846]. - get paper here
 
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